Monday, May 18, 2020

Luis Angel Castillo Revisited

Luis Angel Castillo

Luis Angel Castillo

On March 22, 1996, The Philadelphia Inquirer newspaper reported the arrest of a Russian spy, former NSA clerk Robert Stephen Lipka, who was identified by the FBI counter-intelligence and British MI5 from information supplied by a former KGB archivist and defector Vasili Mitrokhin in an effort to establish his bonafides. While the Millersville, Pennsylvania man was being arranged in court, Lipka claimed he saw NSA documents that identified the real assassin of President Kennedy.

When a reporter asked Lipka, as he was being led away, what was the assassin’s name, Lipka responded, "Luis Angel Castillo.”

The KGB and the JFK Assassination
JFKcountercoup: NSA Kennedy Assassination Records
JFKcountercoup: Russian Disinformation and the Kennedy Assassination

I first learned about Castillo in W. H. Bowart’s book Operation Mind Control, but took more interest in Castillo after the Inquirer article on the arrest of Lipka.

Castillo is cited in the CIA Inspector General’s Report on assassinations (p. 118), and I thought it interesting enough even though Professors Richard Popkin and Peter Dale Scott had investigated him earlier and warned everyone off, saying Castillo was a rabbit’s hole with no end.

Scott cites Hickle and Turner, The Fish Is Red, 171-73, Scott, Deep Politics, 113-17. Dispatch of 7/26/63 form COS, JMWAVE to Chief, SAS (Fitzgerald), concerning JMWAVE’s Relationship to Pawley (‘assistance’).

P.D. Scott mentions Castillo in regards to the I.G. Report:  "Almost certainly the CIA knew of the three-man plot against Castro in March 1963, whether or not it was itself involved. As I have written elsewhere, there was at least one other three-man assassination team that was sent, this time with CIA support, against Castro in 1963. These three men were Eddie "Bayo" Perez and the other two survivors of the so-called Bayo-Pawley mission, sent in the summer of 1963 by Roselli’s close friend and room-mate John Martino. The recently released CIA documents confirm ‘the large amount of assistance from JMWAVE’ (the CIA’s Miami station) for this mission, and also the efforts of John Martino to exfiltrate Angel Luis Castillo Cabrera ‘Bayo’s brother-in-law, to join them."

Scott: "Whether or not one believes Castro’s intelligence networks to have been involved, one can entertain the hypothesis that a shooter team, in effect licensed by the CIA to kill Castro, might then have returned from Cuba and killed the President instead. Such an idea, floated by Martino and later Rosselli, would have exerted pressure on the CIA whether true or untrue. The mere appearance that a CIA team had been ‘turned around,’ while other killers took care of the actual job, would have been enough to coerce the CIA and its friends into the ranks of those claiming to be true believers in a lone assassin."

Under a list of MK/ULTRA experimental records is ARTICHOKE Docs 59-155: Bordentown New Jersey Reformatory.... Brain Studies; Brainwashing (1) Brainwashing (2): Project Calling Card: John Marks Chapter 6, conclusions: Chadwell, W.H.: CBW Work File: Dr. Wallace Chan: Cold War Late 1953-55 (1): Cold War Docs (1) (Project Artichoke, Bluebird): Cold War Docs (2): Control of Behavior – General: Cybernetics: Defectors: University of Denver: Destruction of Files: Diseases: Drug Research and Operations…."

This is the same Bordentown N.J. Reformatory where Castillo was apparently tested and paroled from and is currently a fugitive at large for parole violations.

These angles are explored in Steven Hager’s article “Luis Angel Castillo is a clue to the JFK assassination,” that is re-posted at JFKCC2 – [ ].

On March 23, 1996 I wrote to the Ford Library requesting the ROCKCOM records of Luis Angel Castillo.

Since my then research associate Todd Vaughan was from Michigan, and frequented the Ford Library, I asked him to look into the Castillo file, and when they notified me that it was being released in accord with the JFK Act, Todd obtained the documents for me and sent them to me. Todd had done an excellent report on the Dallas motorcade, detailing each of the cars and their occupants. Unlike those who know who killed JFK and promote their various theories, from one lone assassin, LBJ, CIA, Mafia or Castro, real researchers take what we know, ask key questions and try to answer them, adding to our overall knowledge of the event.

But Todd fell in with a crowd of Lone Nutters, some of whom previously professed to be real researchers who sit around and joke about silly conspiracy theories. And we now duel on some JFK internet social media forums, and I promised him that we would review the Luis Angel Castillo case, and so we will.

This is especially interesting since San Francisco attorney Bill Simpich has notified me that a Castillo document was listed among the bulk 2018 release of JFK Assassination records, but was completely blank! I find this hard to believe and will look into it further, but as Simpich said, my obtaining them before they were recalled is now more significant, since somebody must think there’s something important there.

On February 10, 2000, I received the following document.

The Agency’s documents on Castillo are contained in two manila-type folders, legal size. The first is entitled "Luis Angel Castillo, 201-817248, thru April 1967." The second bears thee identical title except for the date, which is "May 67 – ." The first title, through April 1967, contained the following items of interest: 


Date: 02/02/00
Page: 1

RECORD NUMBER : 178-10002-10315
DATE : 05/19/75

Washington D.C. 20500
May 19, 1975
To: David W. Belin
From : Mason Cargill - MC signed off

In the afternoon of May 12, 1975, I talked with Scott Breckenridge of the Inspector General’s office. He told me that the Agency’s files concerning Castillo were finally located in the East-Asia Division of the DDO. Those files dealing with Castillo are files of the "201" type. However, these files were not filed with normal 201 files. Breckenridge could give no explanation for this anomaly.

He gave me a brief overview of what he said the documents in the file demonstrated. According to him, Castillo left the United States, probably Chicago, in late 1966 or early 1967 for the Philippines. He was traveling under a Philippine passport which he borrowed from a Philippine national illegally in the U.S. Apparently he did so to make the U.S. authorities believe that the illegal Filipino had left the country and therefore to assume that he would not be deported.

In the Philippines he was arrested by the security service and interrogated extensively. At first he claimed to be a Castro agent whose purpose was to establish contact with the Huk guerrillas in the Philippines. Later he said that he had been part of an effort by Cuban Premier Castro to assassinate President Kennedy. He stated that he was one of fourteen Cuban agents stationed at various points at Kennedy’s parade route in Dallas. Breckenridge also said that the documents indicate that during his interrogation Castillo would occasionally go into some type of hypnotic trance. Further, the Philippine interrogators administered truth serum to him during the interrogation.

DECLASSIFIED with portions redacted
JFK Assass. Rec. Collections Act of 1992
FAI, NSC, CIA Concurrence
NARA date 2/2/00 By KBH

(page) 2.

In the opinion of Breckenridge, Csatillo’s story, as documented in these files, probably cannot be dismissed out of hand as inherently incredible. Breckenridge still has no present memory of how the team preparing the 1967 IG report on the assassination came to be aware of Castillo or what follow up action, if any, was taken on the basis of these documents. He suggests that another person who worked on the 1967 report, Ken Greer, may have worked on this Castillo angle and would be the person to contact for such information. He stated that Greer is now retired and living in Wisconsin. Breckenridge also stated that these files do not indicate whether or not Castillo was ever actually deported to the United States and if so whether the FBI ever interrogated him. (But see item 12 below, which indicates Castillo returned to Chicago on February 10, 1968, and evaded the authorities.) Apparently the Agency has no knowledge of Mr. Castillo’s present location.

The first title, through April 1967, contained the following items of interest:

1. Filed immediately after a cable, dated March 3, 1967, from [REDACTED] to Headquarters, is a copy of an interrogation of Luis Castillo by a Philippine agent of the National Bureau of Investigation. This document is about 20 pages long and in it Castillo outlines his story.

His parents were Cuban nationals. He left Puerto Rico to attend school in Cuba in about 1960. He states he was trained for several years as a Cuban intelligence agent. In late 1966, he changed identities with a Filipino living in Chicago named Antonio Reyes Eloriaga, at the direction of the Cuban Intelligence Service, for the purpose of using Eloriaga’s Philippine passport to go to the Philippines, where he was supposed to contact the Huk guerrillas.

Castillo stated that on July 2, 1962, during a speech, Fidel Castro threatened to retaliate against President Kennedy. He said Castro said Kennedy made two attempts on

(page) 3.

his life and he was prepared to order that Kennedy himself be assassinated by Cuban intelligence agents. Castillo also claims to have been in Dallas at the time of the assassination of President Kennedy, although he is unclear as to exactly what he was doing. He claims he was taking pictures of buildings and people in Dallas. There is one other reference to the assassination of President Kennedy in this long transcript. On the last page of the transcript, below a large blacked-out area, is the question, "What other information do you have in connection with the assassination of President John F. Kennedy?" Castillo answered that all he knew was that Fidel Castro had made these threats against Kennedy in his speech of July 7, 1962. It appears that the blacked-out portion of the transcript may contain certain questions and answers dealing with the Kennedy assassination.

My personal impression from this transcript is that Castillo was not in control of his faculties. He is at times quite rambling, incoherent, and sometimes inherently incredible. He states that in the Philippines he wrote a letter to the President of the Philippines offering to assassinate the leader of the Huk guerillas.

2. A cable, dated March 8, 1967, from [REDACTED] to Headquarters. In this cable the [REDACTED] gives Headquarters a brief outline of the transcribed testimony of Castillo described in paragraph one. Essentially the [REDACTED] is giving certain details of what Castillo claims was his history, for the purpose of allowing headquarters to attempt to independently corroborate these details, in order to establish Castillo’s credibility. The cable states that Castillo is in effect telling a "pretty wild story."

3. An FBI report, dated April 13, 1967, Subject: Luis Angel Castillo. This report contains factual statements made by Castillo in the Philippines, and reports on the FBI’s attempt to corroborate these events, which Castillo alleged to have taken place primarily in a Chicago area. With some exceptions, the FBI could not corroborate these events. They concerned basically hospital and employment records which Castillo claimed would show that he had been treated by a certain hospital or employed by certain organizations.

(page) 4.

4. An FBI report, dated April 13, 1967, on Luis Angel Castillo. This report summarizes a Newark, New Jersey arrest report on Luis Castillo. He was arrested for robbery and given a sentence in a reformatory, from which he was paroled. One statement in the report was: "There were strong indications of homosexual tendencies on the part of Castillo, and he was described as being of low average intelligence with an unstable personality.

5. Cable, dated April 19, 1967, from [REDACTED] to Headquarters. Paragraph one of this cable reads as follows:

"During first two weeks of April, subject underwent consecutively truth serum, truth serum-hypnotism, and hypnotism during interrogations at [REDACTED]." While confirming some earlier points in his sworn statement, subject consistently maintained

he among 14 other Cuban intel agents who deployed along street in Dallas on day President Kennedy was assassinated. He stated plot and operation were directed by Russian looking women named Jean Dole of Two Chipawa Court, Madison, Wisconsin.

[REDACTED] cannot vouch for professionalism of [REDACTED] interrogators and above seems patently spurious."

Paragraph two reads in part: "LNYMA"** Representative indicated he would eventually have to effect Subject’s travel to U.S. since he deported by error and according to LNERGO*** subject is wanted by Bureau of Parole, Trenton, New Jersey, for violation of parole."

[REDACTED] appears to stand for the Philippine National Bureau of Investigation.
**"LYNMA" probably stands for the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service.
*** "LNERGO" probably stands for the U.S. FBI.

(page) 5.

6. Cable, dated April 21, 1967, from Headquarters to [REDACTED] (signed by William E. Colby, Chief, Far-East Division) Paragraph one reads:

"Par 1 [REDACTED] 9456 [Cable referred to in paragraph five above] has created
strong reaction here. Although inclined to agree [REDACTED] evaluation Castillo aka Eloriga Reyes case, there are disturbing verifications of story and lines to other individuals. Believe we cannot allow case to idle along. Case primarily LNERGO LNYUMA responsibility here, but we want [REDACTED] actively and directly involved so long as locus remains Phils."

Paragraph three reads: "Unless LNYUMA plans effect travel to U.S. in near future, headquarters still prepared send qualified officer assist [REDACTED] investigation.

7. Cable dated April 24, 1967, from [REDACTED] to Headquarters. This cable transmits a verbatim transcript of two interrogations of Castillo by the Philippine NBI. This interrogation contains Castillo’s recitation of the details of his activities on the day President Kennedy as killed. He claims to have been working for one Jean Dolf who placed him under hypnosis in Chicago. He was on the second floor of a building with a rifle when Kennedy was shot by someone else. The rifle had been given to him by a man who had taken its pieces from a bowling bag and assembled it.

8. Newspaper articles of April 1967 from the Philippines indicate that Castillo’s story of participation in the Kennedy assassination received wide publicity. For instance, an article dated April 22, 1967, in the Saturday Chronicle gives practically all the details that Castillo gave to the Philippine NBI during the interrogations. An even more detailed account of Castillo’s story is contained in an article in the April 22, 1967, edition of the Philippines Herald. These newspapers contain the statement that NBI psychiatrists had examined Castillo and found him to be sane. An article on Castillo and his story appeared in The Washington Post of April 22, 1967.

9. One press item of interest was published by the AP on April 23, 1967, from Washington. One paragraph of the report reads as follows:

"A spokesman for Representative Gerald R. Ford, Republican-Michigan, a member of the Warren Commission, said the congressman would not comment until he had more information. He said Ford might have a statement if the reported confession of Luis Castillo, described as a communist agent for Cuba, was made available officially."

10. Cable, dated April 25, 1967, from the American Embassy in Manila to the Security of State in Washington clearly indicates that the State Department considered Castillo to be unbalanced. Paragraph three of this cable reads:

"Apart from questions of delicacy and prudence, one reason why embassy has not sought to offer good officers to alleged American citizen is that he appears, in some respects, be irrational, and has created most of his own problems here. Shortly after arrival he telephoned Chief of Staff MATA with offer to establish contact with Huks in order assassinate prominent Huk leaders. (When asked how he would recognize leaders, he replied that they could supply him with description.) MATA referred him to one of army intelligence agencies which after two interviews concluded he was both unbalanced and semi-illiterate before turning him over to NBI."

11. FBI report on Castillo, dated April 24, 1967, forwarded to the CIA on April 25, 1967. This contains a complete FBI report on Castillo (i.e., his background, U.S. criminal record, etc.) Only the last paragraph of the FBI report deals with Castillo’s allegation that he was involved in a plot to assassinate President Kennedy. This paragraph reads:

(page) 7.

"With reference to subject’s allegations concerning the assassination of President Kennedy, it s to be noted that the extensive investigation of Lee Harvey Oswald and the assassination developed no indications that anyone other than Oswald was involved in the assassination of President Kennedy."

The second file, beginning with documents of May 1967, contain the following items of note:
12. Memorandum, dated May 3, 1967, for the record, Subject: Luis Angel Castillo by [REDACTED], FE/PMI/P. This gives the CIA’s version of the events beginning with the arrest of Castillo. It substantially agrees with all of the documents discussed above.

13. Cable, dated June 20, 1967, from [REDACTED], to Chief, Far-East Division, Subject: Current Status of Illegal Immigrant Luis Castillo. This cable states that the Philippine NBI was still holding Castillo incommunicado in a hospital in the Philippines. The cable indicates that the Philippine officers strongly suspect "subject could have been conditioned by someone to attempt assassination of President Marcos." Paragraph three of this cable reads as follows:

[REDACTED] office who mentioned that a Russian hypnotism expert, Libidev or Livibed, visited Manila while on World Health Organization business in February 1967 when subject had just come to Philippines and was still at large before his arrest. [REDACTED] suspected this Russian might have contacted subject to "maintain hypnotic control" which allegedly subject has been placed under before leaving WOLADY."

(page) 8

Paragraph five of this cable reads: "While we are minimizing time devoted to this case, [REDACTED] will keep in close touch with [REDACTED] and report further developments."

14. Cable, dated June 26, 1967, from [REDACTED] to Headquarters. This indicates that a [REDACTED] within Philippine NBI had reported indicated that Castillo had signed a new statement on June 26, 1967, identifying himself as one Manuel Angelo Ramirez. In this statement Castillo claimed to have been a WOFACT (probably referring to CIA) employee who participated first Bay of Pigs invasion, then in the assassination of President Kennedy. He also indicated that he had been sent to the Philippines to attempt to assassinated President Marcos. Cable indicated that the NBI did not believe Castillo’s claim about his CIA status and its involvement in assassinations, but needed to "clear up" the subject’s claims. Paragraph three contains the statement that, "We briefed minister and will brief FBI and INS on FYI only basis, at first opportunity."

Paragraph four of this cable reads:

"Subject’s story getting more absurd and we frequently point this out to [REDACTED] Nonetheless, Para 1 [referring to assassination allegations referring to CIA] is a leak to local press, no matter how far fetched the story, it could be embarrassing."

15. FBI report dated February 15, 1968, indicates that Castillo had arrived at Chicago O’Hare International Airport from Manila at approximately 11 p.m., February 10, 1968. On February 14 officers from the Sheriff’s Department of Cook County, Illinois, visited Castillo’s mother’s home in an effort to arrest him with a warrant charging him with parole violation. They were advised that on February 13 Castillo left his mother’s home in an automobile with a number of unidentified male individuals. His mother added that she did not expect to see her son again.

(page) 9.

16. FBI report, dated December 30, 1967, on Luis Angel Castillo. This report contains the text of a letter which Castillo sent to his mother in Chicago on December 4, 1967, while he was still under interrogation by the NBI in Manila. In the letter he claims that all of his confessions were the result of NBI torture and none of them were true. He explains that since the NBI recently got a new director who is anti-American, he was then being tortured to force him to claim that he is a CIA spy who was sent to the Philippines for the purpose of assassinating President Marcos. His mother turned the letter over to the FBI as soon as she received it.

17. Memorandum for the record, dated June 18, 1969, by J.F. Devanon of the Los Angeles Field Office, Subject: Victor Arcega, Hermosa Beach, California. This memorandum describes contact the Los Angeles field office had with Arcega. Arcega, on May 26, 1969, telephoned the Los Angeles field office of the CIA on the listed telephone number. He claimed that he had information on a Cuban communist in the Philippines and agreed to mail the particulars to the CIA’s P.O.Box. The letter he subsequently wrote is attached to this memorandum. In it Arcega claims to have been the hypnotist used by the NBI in its interrogation of Castillo in 1967. He claims that he used the name Vicente Sanchez.

Arcega, in 1969, was a proof reader for the Los Angeles Times, who was about to be deported to the Philippines because his visa was expiring. He claims that Castillo had been subject to prior hypnosis and had been programmed to undertake certain actions when certain key words were said to him. One key word dealt with the assassination of President Marcos of the Philippines. The letter does not state why Arcega is providing this information to the CIA at this time. The file does not indicate what follow-up if any CIA undertook as a result of this letter.

It should be noted that the summary of the interrogation cabled to headquarters on April 24, 1967, discussed above, included a report on Castillo, signed by one "Vicente Sanchez, Hypnotist." It is not clear how Arcega would have known the name used by the hypnotist in 1967 had he not either been the hypnotist or been associated with the NBI in some other capacity.


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“On February 14 officers from the Sheriff’s Department of Cook County, Illinois, visited Castillo’s mother’s home in an effort to arrest him with a warrant charging him with (Bordentown, N.J.) parole violation. They were advised that on February 13 Castillo left his mother’s home in an automobile with a number of unidentified male individuals. His mother added that she did not expect to see her son again.” 

Monday, May 11, 2020

Three Interviews With Castro Updated

Three Interviews With Castro

The relatively recent death of French journalist Jean Daniel made me think of the extremely significant interview he had with Fidel Castro at the very moment news of the assassination reached them, and Daniel's description of his response, which he published in a series of articles in the New Republic Magazine.

When President Kennedy learned that Jean Daniel was in Washington DC and was about to go to Cuba to interview Castro, JFK summoned Daniel to the White House and gave him a briefing on what he wanted Castro to know, which actually was the ending of a series of back channel communications with Castro that played a major role in the assassination of the president.

Fidel Castro Reaction to Kennedy Assassination in Cuba | The New Republic

Jean Daniel, Leading French Journalist and Humanist, Dies ...
Jean Daniel

More on Jean Daniel Bensaid
Jean Daniel

peaceful-revolution.jpg (300×184)

New York Times Obit
Jean Daniel, Leading French Journalist and Humanist, Dies at 99 - The New York Times

Besides Daniel, two other journalists had interviews with Castro that are primary sources for anyone interested in knowing what really happened at Dealey Plaza. Daniel Harker was an Associated Press reporter who got an exclusive interview with Castro at a reception at the Brazilian embassy the day after a CIA agent met with Rolando Cubella (aka AMLASH) in Brazil and attempted to get Cubella to kill Castro.

The story that Harker wrote was published in a New Orleans newspaper that Lonesome Assassin accusers say Oswald read and provided a motive for him to kill Castro.

Article: The Anti-Latell Report (II): Calderon Phone Conversation ...

The article quotes Castro as railing against the USA for sending CIA trained anti-Castro commandos to Cuba to attack economic targets, as well as for threatening the lives of Cuban leaders.

You have to read the whole article to recognize its significance and not just the quote Oswald accusers use to try to establish motive.

Harker wrote: "Bitterly denouncing what he called recent U.S.- prompted raids on Cuban territory, Castro said: 'We are prepared to fight them and answer in kind. United States leaders should think that if they are aiding terrorists plans to eliminate Cuban leaders, they themselves will not be safe.'”

Those who say this provides a motive for Oswald to kill JFK on Castro's behalf fail to provide evidence Oswald even read the article. 

They also fail to recognize that Castro is "bitterly denouncing what he called recent U.S. - prompted raids on Cuba," raids officially approved by the National Security Council and run out of the JMWAVE bases in Florida. These same raids were also mentioned in both communist publications Oswald is holding in the backyard photos. 

In addition, holding his talk at the Brazilian embassy was certainly a message that Cubella, who had met with the CIA agent in Brazil the day before, was a double agent reporting directly to his old friend Castro, as many CIA counter-intelligence officers believed at the time. Desmond FitzGerald, who had taken over the Cuban desk at the CIA from William Harvey, continued to meet with Cubella, and a CIA agent was meeting with Cubella in Paris, encouraging him to kill Castro, when JFK was assassinated.  

Cubella was a founder of the DRE - Student Revolutionary Directorate in Havana when Batista fled, and took over his desk and smoked his cigars while Castro was marching towards Havana. And it was the DRE in New Orleans who Oswald tried to infiltrate, gave them his USMC training manual, and then got into a street fight while giving out Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC) leaflets at the International Trade Mart. 

Cubella had an apartment in Veradero overlooking the street Castro had to take to get to Xandu - the Dupont family's resort that Castro frequented, and where the JMWAVE Pathfinder sniper teams were practicing to kill Castro as he drove by in an open jeep. It is that Pathfinder plan to kill Castro, that was "disapproved by higher authority," that the anti-Castro Cuban Commandos, trained at JMWAVE, turned on JFK at Dallas, as Gene Wheaton described. 

Harker's article is important, even significant, but not for reporting Castro's threat to kill American leaders, but for Castro's affirmation that if American leaders threaten to kill others, they themselves would not be safe. And that turned out to be true. 

Harker's complete original report published in New Orleans newspaper September 9, 1963
JFKCountercoup2: Harker's Complete Original Report

Then there's Lisa Howard, the ABC TV news reporter who was known for getting exclusive interviews with world leaders. She got an interview with Nikita Krushchev by sitting in a phone booth until he walked by, and then ambushing him to request an interview, and got it. Her boss at ABC News was Eisenhower's former Press Secretary.

Lisa Howard
Lisa Howard

Then she interviewed Castro and got the idea that Castro really wanted to re-establish diplomatic relations with the USA. It was at Lisa Howard's New York City apartment where she held a party attended by Cuban diplomat Carlos Lechuga, who engaged American diplomat William Attwood in a long conversation that began the supposedly secret back channel negotiations that were still on going at the time of the assassination.

William Attwood was a former prep school (Choate Academy) room mate of JFK and introduced him to Mary Pinchot, who married CIA officer Cord Meyer and engaged in an on going affair with JFK. She accompanied JFK on the first leg of his Conservation Tour on September 25, 1963, a visit to her mother to thank her for donating land to the US Park Service.

Cord Meyer, Jr.'s father, Cord Meyer, Sr. was an aviation pioneer and an original founder of the Civil Air Patrol (CAP) with D. H. Byrd, the owner of the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD) at the time of the assassination. Oswald was a member of the New Orleans CAP.

While Mary Pinchot Meyer was murdered on the Georgetown Canal, a still unsolved cold case, Lisa Howard endorsed RFK's opponent New York Sen. Keating, and died of an overdose of pills and alcohol, much like M. Monroe and Dorothy Killgallon.

Keating had previously leaked U2 photos of Soviet missiles in Cuba to the press in an attempt to embarrass President Kennedy.

More on Lisa Howard:
Lisa Howard

In any case, each of these three interviews with Castro are extremely significant in understanding how JFK was murdered and why.

JFK's close Presidential aide Arthur Schlesinger said that if the anti-Castro Cubans had known about the back channel communications between Kennedy and Castro it would give them motive to kill Kennedy, and JFK's ambassador to Vietnam and Republican presidential candidate Henry Cabot Lodge reportedly leaked that fact to the Cubans who were trying to kill Castro.

More on Back Channels Between JFK and Castro:

Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961–1963, Volume XI, Cuban Missile Crisis and Aftermath - Office of the Historian

JFK and Castro | Cigar Aficionado

When J.F.K. Secretly Reached Out to Castro - The New York Times
Back Channel to Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana on JSTOR

The Last Year of President Kennedy and the "Multiple Path" Policy Toward Cuba - Håkan Karlsson, Tomás Diez Acosta - Google Books

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