Wednesday, June 26, 2019

View from the Sniper's Nest

Dealey Plaza - View from the Sniper's Nest

Embedded w/ Snipers

[BK Notes: This is a slightly revised article I wrote five years ago]

By William Kelly

     The Sniper's Perspective of Dealey Plaza  

“In a free society, counter-espionage is based on the practice most useful for hunting rabbits. Rather than look for the rabbit, one posts oneself in a spot where the rabbit is likely to pass and come to you."
       - Alexander Hamilton (as attributed by Allen Dulles)

The lead Humvee in the convoy suddenly comes to a halt as it slips under a tree on the edge of town, an empty tin can, hanging from a branch by a thin thread, dangles in the breeze.

To the untrained eye it is an empty tin can hanging from a tree, but to the trained eye it’s a sure sign of danger – a makeshift wind gauge - a sniper’s wind gauge, indicating a Level 2 or Level 3 sniper is operating in the area and probably had you in their sights as you are in the sniper’s kill zone.

When Uncle Sam contacted me for a special mission recently, I answered the call and spent a few weeks in the field helping to train American soldiers, including expert snipers, from whom I learned some things that can be applied to a better understanding of the mechanics of what happened at Dealey Plaza on November 22, 1963.

Before trying to figure out who the Sixth Floor Sniper was and why he did the things he did, a few things must be understood about the nature of the sniper profession.

Not a new idea, the historical development of the sniper as a key surgeon in the course of battle has only been perfected in the last half of the twentieth century.

During the Revolutionary War, at the Battle of Brandywine, near Philadelphia, a British sniper from Scotland – Patrick Ferguson  had General George Washington in his sights, but decided not to shoot him in the back as he thought it ungentlemanly to do so, thus sparing the life of the man who would win the revolution and be the first president of the American republic.

[For more on Patrick Ferguson see Washington at Brandywine – the Sniper that Didn’t Shoot: ]

At Saratoga, a few months later, an American sniper with a Kentucky long rifle shot and killed a British general, decisively altering the outcome of not only that battle but the war.

On eighteen and nineteenth century war ships, the marines were issued long barrel rifles and placed in high mast crow’s nests from where they would shoot select targets during battles, so friendly forces were forced to wear identifying marks on their hats so not to be accidentally hit by the marine marksmen.

As European gunsmiths refined the rifle and ammo, the abilities of marksmen increased, though applying the weapon for assassination purposes didn’t become effective until World War II, and increased steadily through the Korean War and Vietnam, when the sniper came into his own.

Snipers played pivotal roles on the Russian front during World War II, where Russian women were said to be the best snipers. The snipers refined their abilities in Korea, but it wasn’t until Vietnam (1965-1973) when the Level One sniper came into his own, specially recruited, trained, equipped and sent into the field on specific missions.

Historically the assassination of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich in 1942 was carried out as a military style ambush of his motorcade and car as they made a sharp turn on a Prague street. The Chech partisans who conducted the operation were led by two Britishc 
 trained commandos who were parachuted back into their homeland to carry out the attack, as depicted in the movie Operation Anthropoid.

The British SOE – Special Operations Exercutive – had a plan to have a sniper and his spotter kill Hitler as he walked from his rural home to a tea house, as he was known to do almost daily. But the tide of war had changed, Hitler was making bad decisions and they decided to let him continue to do so. The German military brass however, had other ideas and tried to kill him with explosives that failed on July 20, 1944, an assassination and coup attempt that the CIA “studied in detail” to use against Castro. A study they have since lost.

Then there are the failed attempts to kill Charles deGaul and Fidel Castro. DeGaul was the target of the elusive assassin known as the Jackel – (See movie “Day of the Jackel”), who was hired by the OAS – disgruntled French military officers who were against deGaul’s policy of freeing the French colony of Algeria. Like the attack on Hydrich the OAS attack on deGaul was at a sharp curve in the road that forced the target vehicle to slow down – such was the case at Dealey Plaza.

DeGaul escaped however – as the French Intelligence report to the CIA indicated the French car deGaul used did not stop when damaged – and his Michelin tires continued to function after being shot out.

While working with the OP FOR – Opposition Force on various scenarios – I watched as they huddled around a Sand Table – one of the oldest instruments of war ever devised and still used today. If Alexander the Great came back and watched them as I did – he would recognize the Sand Table, as he used one too. The Sand Table is a simple sand box that can be configured to whatever is needed – hills, towns and roads can be situated on a sand table with simple rocks and twigs. The Op For team leader, face painted black, AK47 swung over his shoulder – put his finger in the sand and made a swerving trail, to indicate the road. At the point of the curve he said, is where they plant an IED – Improvised Explosive Device, and that’s where they attack the expected convoy.

Much like Dealey Plaza.

A mob hired professional sniper was responsible for killing mobster Bugsy Siegel, a rare mafia killing of that type, civil rights activist Medgar Evers was killed by a KKK racist Bryan DeBeckwith, and the Texas Tower murder was a US Army veteran.

Traditionally snipers have been measured by the ultimate yardstick – confirmed kills, as well as the longest shot, most difficult shot and high target value. 

As for confirmed kills, there is Simo Hayha on top, and no one else really close. Although relatively unknown outside of his native Finland, where he is a national hero, you can thank Hayha for popularizing the Olympic sport that combines cross country skiing and accurate shooting, as that’s the way he attacked and killed over seven hundred invading Germans in 1939.

A lone wolf with no military chain of command, Hayha used his intimate knowledge of the terrain to attack and evade the Germans, who kept track and confirmed his kills and sent Level 1 sniper teams and eventually a hole brigade to stop him.

Following Hayha, there’s a Fyodor Okhlopkova, a World War II Russian sniper with 423 kills, and Francis Pegahmagabow, a Canadian native American Indian scout and sniper credited with 378 kills during World War I.

A World War II German, Matthaus Hetzenauer comes in at number four with 345 kills, while his Russian front antagonists Lyudmila Pavlichenko (309 kills) a women, is fifth on the all time snipers list.

Vasikly Zaytsev, who shared Lee Harvey Oswald's nickname – “the Rabbit,” (242 kills) is sixth, and probably one of the best known snipers thanks to the movie “Enemy at the Gate,” which depicted the personal battle between the best German and Russian snipers during World War II. Zaytsev went on to instruct snipers at a special school he established and his students were known as "little rabbits" and accounted for another 3,000 confirmed kills. 

Red Chinese sniper Zhang Tyaofang (214 kills) fought in Korea, is number seven.

The Americans don’t rank until number 8 with Chris Kyle, a US Navy SEAL whose 160 confirmed kills during the Iraq war just outrank Australian Billy Sing, whose 150 kills during World War I and American Adelbert F. Waldron II, whose 109 kills in Vietnam round out the top ten snipers of all time.

Two other American Marines deserve notice however, as Chuck Mawhinney (103 kills) and Carlos Hathcock (93 kills) in Vietnam are almost celebrities, as the USMC has an award named after Hathcock, while Mawhinney is known for being humble about his achievements, as not even his wife, family or friends knew of his Vietnam exploits until they were revealed in a book over twenty years later. 

Top Twelve Snipers of All Time - Based on Confirmed Kills 

1- Simo Hayha – 705 kills (505 w/ rifle) Finnland 1939 WWII
2- Fyodor Okhlopkov – 423 kills – Russian WWII
3- Francis Pegahmagabow – 378 kills - Canadian WWI
4- Matthaus Hetzenauer – 345 kills – German WWII
5- Lyudmila Pavlichenko – 309 kills - Ukraine WWII
6- Vasikly Zaytsev – the rabbit - German 242 kills WWII
7- Zhang TYaofang – 214 kills Chinese - Korea
8- Chris Kyle – 160 kills – US Navy SEAL – Iraq War
9-  Billy Sing – 150 + Australian during WWI
10- Adelbert F. Waldron III – 109 kills US Navy/Army 1968 Vietnam
11- Chuck Mawhinney – 103 kills USMC 1968
12- Carlos Hathcock – 93 kills USMC 1968

Longest Shot

As for the longest shot, the long standing record once held by Canadian Corporal Rob Furlong – 2,430 meter (1.51 miles) was eclipsed by Craig Harrison, of the Royal Marines at 2,475 meters.

Carlos Hathcock is said to have taken the most difficult shot ever, killing an enemy sniper by shooting him through his scope as he was aiming at Hathcock.

Adelbert Waldron once shot an enemy sniper in a tree from a moving boat, and an American in Iraq made a successful shot through a brick wall. 

When “in the field” in combat situations, officers remove their insignia so as not to reveal their rank, and enlisted men are ordered not to salute officers so as not to reveal their true rank to possible snipers. Offices like Captain, Majors and Colonels – Colonels are the highest ranking officer in the battlefield – are considered HTPs - High Priority Targets by snipers.


According to the snipers, the Sixth Floor sniper, whoever he was - was a Level Three sniper who is officially credited with making the most difficult shot of all time at the highest priority target, and that's why they don't believe it. 

Before the Dealey Plaza analysis begins however, for starters, you must understand that there are three categories of snipers - Level One, Level Two and Level Three. 

From the Sniper’s Manual (Based on the Canadian Army TTP – Training, Techniques and Procedures.

Level One – the Specially Trained Sniper

The most dangerous sniper is the one who is individually selected, trained and equipped with an accurate sniper rifle outfitted with a modern scope, night vision device and thermal imager, an expert trained to select key personnel HPTs as their target and can shoot them in the head accurately at great ranges (1,000+ meters).

These snipers are accompanied by a spotter-security aide and are skilled in avoiding detection. This sniper is the most difficult to effectively counter.

The Level One sniper doesn't take multiple shots at a target when one shot is all that’s needed. As they say, “One shot one kill,” is their motto.

This level sniper is portrayed in the Hollywood movies “The Shooter" and “American Sniper” – the story of Chris Kyle, both of which exemplify the training, discipline, pride and professionalism exhibited by expert snipers at this level.

Level Two Snipers

Level Two Snipers are trained marksmen, often found in the national armies of the world and commonly utilized in urban combat, equipped with a standard issue weapon and with fair-to-good field craft skills, he is difficult to detect. He may be deployed alone or in teams, often taking the lead as the Point man, observer as well as sniper, as the sniper is depicted in the movie “Saving Private Ryan.”

The Level Three Sniper

The Level Three sniper is the armed irregular, with little or no formal military training, who may or may not wear a distinguishing uniform, and may or may not carry his general issue weapon openly. He will go to great lengths to avoid identification as a sniper, and may even leave his cheap, but often effective weapon behind in the course of his escape – as the Sixth Floor Sniper did.

The inexpensive mail order  Italian Army issue 6.5 mm Manlicher Carcano with cheap Japanese scope and custom US Air Force pistol holster sling (Where did Oswald get the sling?) 

On the Fiftieth anniversary of the assassination, the gunsmith at Kline’s in Chicago who placed the scope on Oswald’s rifle was interviewed and quoted in a news article saying that if Oswald used that rifle and scope he was “very lucky,” and the snipers agree. 

The Sixth Floor Sniper would be classified a Level Three Sniper by his weapon – the Mannlicher Carcano, a standard issue Italian weapon, and if Oswald, by his limited US Marine Corps training.

           Winchester Model 70 - Circa 1963 

As explained to me, a Level One sniper wouldn’t use the Mannlicher-Carcano as a weapon and wouldn’t need or take more than one shot. In 1963, a Level One sniper would probably use a state of the art custom weapon and scope, or a prized Winchester Model 70, top of the line models.

          Remington Model 700 - Circa 1963 

Since the weapon and MO – modus operandi – identifies the Sixth Floor Sniper as a Level Three Sniper, Level One snipers say the Sixth Floor Sniper didn’t take the fatal head shot that killed President Kennedy.

The first class snipers said that while the Sixth Floor Sniper may have shot JFK in the back and wounded Governor Connally – he most certainly didn’t take the fatal head shot. That  shot was taken by a first class sniper – “one shot one kill” who always shoots for the head and always his it.

There are also indications that the bullet that struck JFK in the head was a different type of bullet than those fired from the Mannlicher Carcano, and that shot was probably taken by a Level One sniper with a different style of weapon, different type of bullet from a different location.

From the Sixth Floor sniper’s nest, the best shot was when the target was approaching the window on Houston Street, as it slowed down for the turn onto Elm Street, and from then on the shots get harder, as the target moves from left to right on a downward slope and interference by a tree.

The U.S. Army Sniper’s Manual says under "Engaging Moving Targets" that: “Engaging moving targets not only requires the Sniper to determine the target distance and wind effects on the round, but must also consider the lateral and speed angle of the target, the rounds time of flight, and the placement of a proper level to compensate for both. These added variables increase the chance of a miss. Therefore, the Sniper should engage a moving target when it is the only option.” []

To calculate leads, you take the Time of Flight (in seconds) x (times) target speed (in feet per seconds) which equals = lead (in feet) x (times) .3048 = meters x 1000 = mil. lead divided by range.

Of course familiarity with the weapon and practice shooting at moving targets increases the ability and skill of the shooter, but if Oswald was the Sixth Floor Sniper there is no indication that he ever shot that rifle before, didn’t practice or even purchase ammo for it.

As Lee Harvey Oswald’s brother Robert, who was a US Marine marksman, hunter and familiar with his shooting abilities is often portrayed as someone who believes his brother killed the President. But he also wrote in his book that, “If Lee did not spend a considerable amount of time practicing with that rifle in the weeks and months before the assassination, then I would say that Lee did not fire the shots that killed President Kennedy and wounded Governor Connally.” (p. 208, “Lee – A Portrait of Lee Harvey Oswald by his Brother, Coward-McCann, Inc., NY, 1967) 

And according to the Warren Commission the rifle and the scope remained in the heavy wool blanket in the Paine's garage until the morning of the assassination, and there is no evidence Oswald ever shot that rifle or even purchased bullets for it. 

All of the snipers agree that whoever fired those shots with that rifle from the Sixth Floor window, he did not use the scope, which was not properly aligned and not necessary at that distance, where the manual sight would be sufficient.

While the Sixth Floor sniper didn’t take the best shot from that location, as the nearly stationary target came towards him on Houston Street, the head shot on Elm Street was most likely taken by a Level One Sniper from either in front or behind so there was no lateral movement as the target came towards or was going away from him.

From what the Level One snipers tell me, the purpose of the Sixth Floor Sniper was to provide diversion and deception, put ballistic evidence incriminating Oswald into the car while the Level One sniper did what such snipers are trained to do – kill the high priority target (HPT) with one shot to the head.

They say the Sixth Floor Sniper, whoever he was, was a Level Three sniper and his standard issue weapon, while capable of firing three shots in the allotted time and get three hits on target, he was incapable of taking the fatal head shot from that position with that weapon. 

Not a “lucky” shot, it couldn’t happen. So there must have been a Level One sniper who took the fatal head shot from another location, using a different type of weapon and ammo, and stationed in front of or behind the target

Integral aspects of the Level One sniper attack, the diversion and deception not only ensures the escape of the sniper and his spotter, but also protects the actual sponsors, as one of the reasons for using a sniper to commit an assassination is permit the escape of the shooter and to protect the sponsor. Leaving the rifle behind also implicated Oswald – Ozzie Rabbit – the Patsy.

The diversion and deceptions were needed because there would be very limited suspects if a Level One sniper killed the President with only one shot, incriminating those few military and intelligence agencies capable of putting a Level One sniper in the field and taking out the highest priority target in the world, without getting caught. The Level Three sniper firing openly at the same time diverted attention from the Level One sniper, expanded the suspect pool in general and incriminated Oswald in particular.

In the Marines Oswald’s nickname was “Ozzie Rabbit,” which they said was based on a cartoon character popular at that time, and like Alice goes Through the Looking Glass and into the Rabbit’s Hole to begin her adventure, those who devised the Dealey Plaza operation incorporated Oswald, not as the real assassin or the Sixth Floor sniper, but as the patsy and rabbit that would be set loose to set a false trail and keep the official investigators from the real perpetrators of the crime.

In his book, “A Sniper Looks at Dealey Plaza,” Craig Roberts concurs saying, “I analyzed the scene as a sniper,….(and concluded)…it would take a minimum of two people shooting. There was little hope that I alone, even if equipped with precision equipment, would be able to duplicate the feat described by the Warren Commission,” so neither could Lee Harvey Oswald, or any Level Three sniper.

As has been pointed out, Amos Heacock, the celebrated Marine sniper and Vietnam veteran who went on to train snipers at Quantaco, Virginia, attempted to duplicate the feat attributed to Oswald, shooting the moving target in the head from the allotted distance, and he couldn't do it. 

“I would have never put anyone in the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD) with so many locations that were much more advantageous,” Roberts said, “unless I needed a diversion. If I did, it would be a good place for red herrings to be observed by witnesses.”

As seen from the street below, the Sixth Floor Sniper, according to all witnesses who saw him, wore a white shirt (Oswald wore brown), and according to one witness (Amos Eunis) who got a clear view of him, the sniper in the window had a very distinctive bald spot on the top of his head, not a physical characteristic shared by Oswald. Like Oswald, the Sixth Floor Sniper probably had good reason to be there, possibly worked in the building or as a subcontractor or delivery person familiar with the area, or a policeman, someone who it wouldn’t seem suspicious for him to be there.

Nor did he leave immediately, as the Warren Commission Report has Oswald running down four flights of stairs to get to the Second Floor lunchroom in time to be seen there by Dallas Police officer Marion Baker ninety seconds after the last shot. The Sixth Floor Sniper took his time, did not run, and instead, as the photo evidence proves, he moved boxes around, putting one on the window sill that was mistakenly believed to have been used as a gun rest. He was still in the window nearly four to five minutes after the shooting when seen by a secretary from across the street. If not a TSBD employee or contractor, the Sixth Floor Sniper was possibly a police or sheriff’s officer who just stayed nearby and blended in with the other investigators when they began a search of the building. 

The sniper’s analysis is that the Sixth Floor, Level Three sniper’s job was to divert and deceive, not to kill, and he did not take the fatal head shot, which was taken by a Level One sniper from a location in front of or behind the target, with a different style weapon and type of bullet, one that shattered on impact.

This sniper’s analysis is supported by the 1998 report by U.S. Federal Attorney John Orr that indicates the bullet that hit JFK in the head was a different type of bullet than CE399 and other bullets fired from the Mannlicher Carcano rifle found in the TSBD. Orr’s report convinced the Department of Justice, the FBI, the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) and Assassination Records Review Board (ARRB) to conduct further tests of CE567, bullet fragments from the limo, no mean feat.

[For more on Orr’s report -]

The ear witnesses to the assassination are all in agreement in that the spacing of the three shots they heard were different in that the time between the first and second shots was longer than that of the second and third shot, which were almost on top of each other and could not have been fired by the same person with the same rifle. 

Like the snipers, when a veteran deer hunter visited Dealey Plaza he was immediately drawn to the area behind the picket fence on the Grassy Knoll and said that’s where he would set up his deer stand.

But a Level One sniper could take that fatal head shot from hundreds of yards away, tucked back in a room yards from the window so that no one could see him. Level One snipers are the most difficult to detect and to counter.

According to the Canadian Army Sniper Manual, the best – and possibly only way to stop a sniper is for another sniper to kill him. The manual says: “The best way to stop the sniper is to kill the sniper. Let them escape and they will attack someone else, somewhere else.”

Counter-snipers are instructed to “Have a plan and rehears it. Do Not fixate on casualties! Kill the sniper, then attend to casualties.”

But no one returned fire at Dealey Plaza, though there were many guns and a number of agents and officers could have, but didn’t.

When under fire the response policy is to keep moving, get out of the Kill Zone as quickly as possible and move in a swerving S or Z pattern, identify the sniper’s location, return fire, maneuver, attack and kill them. “Do not fixate on casualties, kill the sniper!” says the Sniper’s Manual.'

Although Will Greer, the Secret Service driver was trained in these same procedures he inexplicably slowed down after the first shot and came to almost a complete stop precisely at the moment the head shot was taken. A Protestant Irishman from Northern Ireland, Agent Greer was an Orangeman who belonged to the secret order that fought the IRA and worked closely with the British MI5 and MI6 intelligence agencies.

Former British Naval Intelligence officer Ian Fleming, who ran his own behind the lines commando unit during WWIi, wrote the short story “The Living Daylights,” which has secret agent 007 assigned to kill a Soviet Russian sniper expected to try to shoot a defector running across the no-man’s land at the Berlin Wall. At first James Bond is surprised to see through his scope a beautiful women sniper, and he is reprimanded when he only wounds and doesn’t kill her.

The President’s security sometimes included counter-sniper snipers. Such precautions were taken a few weeks before Dallas when the President visited Tampa and traveled through the city in a similar motorcade, and over a dozen Tampa Sheriff’s deputies were deployed with rifles on roofs and overpasses along the motorcade route. But no such precautions were taken in Dallas.

It has been alleged (by Penn Jones), that a Dallas Deputy Sheriff named Weatherford was on the Records Building roof overlooking Dealey Plaza with a rifle at the time of the assassination, and there are published reports he returned fire. But Weatherford’s official statement reflects that he was on the Houston Street sidewalk with other deputies. Weatherford said that he was with Deputy Allan Sweatt, whose statement confirms Weatherford’s story that they ran to the Grassy Knoll before entering the back of the TSBD and searched the building.

Weatherford assisted in the search of the sixth floor when the shells and the rifle were discovered, but they failed to find Oswald’s clipboard and jacket, that weren’t found until a week later. Weatherford also participated in the search of the Paine’s house and garage when the backyard photos were found depicting Oswald holding the murder weapons and communist publications, which was part of the cover-story, a failed black propaganda operation that attempted to blame the assassination on Fidel Castro.

Fidel Castro with sniper rifle 

Just as the dangling tin can was a danger sign indicating there was a sniper operating in the area, there were similar signs of danger before JFK entered Dealey Plaza, but they went unheeded or were intentionally ignored. 

Of the Dealey Plaza danger signs, a few stand out, especially those who expressed foreknowledge of the assassination, the Walker shooting, the recorded Alpha 66 threat, the Stevenson incident and Umbrella Man.

While each of these danger signs should be reviewed in depth, the Umbrella Man was right there at Dealey Plaza, and he admits that his umbrella was intended to be a sign – a silent protest, a signal and message that President Kennedy would recognize and understand. Louie Steven Witt said the umbrella was a sign that referred to his father’s isolationist stand at the beginning of World War II, the image of Chamberlain’s umbrella at Munich that represented the failed policy of “appeasement” with the Nazis, which the Umbrella Man implied was JFK’s policy towards communists.

Louie Steven Witt was a Dallas insurance office worker who claimed to be the Umbrella Man. He told the HSCA that the umbrella was a visual protest of JFK’s father’s policies of appeasement of Hitler at Munich when he was ambassador to the UK (1938-39), with the umbrella being a reference to Nevelle Chamberlain.'

Witt told the HSCA that it was someone in his insurance office cafateria - the Rio Grande National Insurance Co., told him that the Kennedys were sore about the umbrella being used as protest sign. “I was going to use the umbrella to heckle the president’s motorcade….I just knew it was a sore sport with the Kennedys. I just knew the vague generalities of it. It had something to do with something that happened years ago with the father Joe Kennedy when he was the Ambassador to England.”

                                                    The Umbrella Man at Dealey Plaza

Who planted the seed in Witt’s mind to heckle the president? Perhaps it was someone who also shared an office in the Rio Grande building, - which included the Army Intelligence, Secret Service and the Emigration and Naturalization Service, who all shared the same cafeteria where Witt said he learned of the Kennedy’s distaste for umbrellas. Was it someone in cafeteria from Army Intelligence or the Secret Service who told Witt of the meaning of appeasement and symbol of the umbrella? 

It is a building that Oswald visited a number of times. Witt’s references to Chamberlain’s umbrella and appeasement at Munich are echoed exactly by General LeMay at the White House a year earlier.

                                                   Chamberlain - Appeasement at Munich '

At the height of the Cuban Missile Crisis, on October 19, 1962, President Kennedy met in the Oval Office with the Joint Chiefs of Staff, when Air Force Chief Gen. Curtis LeMay was recorded as saying, “…I don’t see any other solution for it [other than direct military action].….This is almost as bad as the appeasement at Munich.(Pause)...”   

Sheldon Stern wrote that,“The general had gone well beyond merely giving advice or even disagreeing with his Commander-in-chief. He had taken his generation’s ultimate metaphor for shortsightedness and cowardice, the 1938 appeasement of Hitler at Munich, and flung it in the President’s face. President Kennedy, in a remarkable display of sang froid, refused to take the bait; he said absolutely nothing.”

A few minutes later JFK did reply to LeMay’s remark that, “…In other words, you’re in a pretty bad fix at the present time.”

“What did you say?” Kennedy asked.

“You’re in a pretty bad fix,” LeMay repeated.

And in a response JFK told LeMay that, “You’re in it with me.”

And the pretty bad fix that JFK and LeMay were in together then was not about Munich but Cuba.

Then, as JFK entered Dealey Plaza and slipped into the sniper’s Kill Zone, the Umbrella Man's sign may have been the last thing Kennedy saw before his head was shattered by a bullet fired by a Level One sniper who was not Lee Harvey Oswald. 

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Robert Truitt (USMC) said...

I was looking for something on the internet to get me/keep me interested in JFK's murder. I read JFK Facts at least daily and I listen to Black Ops Radio weekly. But Bill you hit another homerun with this article, Dealey Plaza - View from the Sniper's; Klein's Gunsmith says, "If LHO did it he was very, very lucky." I thought that I had read almost every one of your articles but apparently I haven't. I'm going to have to read all of these articles. I like baseball and I like a pitcher's duel, but I like when you come to bat as it seems that your either on base or hitting a three-run homer. Please continue your great work. Bob Truitt

Clinton Mercheson said...
Mr. Kelly,

I have always enjoyed your editorial articles, as they are well composed, and of coarse, they always hit the nail right on the head.

With regard to the afore mentioned article, I would agree with the assessment of the Kill Box, or Kill Zone (as we used to call it), by those snipers whom you had interviewed. One of the few schools the Army had that I did not have opportunity to attend, was the Sniper School. However, having read the FM Manual on the subject (including the newest revision), I no doubt agree with their assessments…..

Alan Ford: 
Well written as usual, Mr. Kelly, thanks for sharing these informative insights.

IF You Can Please Support this Research and Work:

Tuesday, June 25, 2019

I'm Back on JFK Mission


I'm back and ready and raring to get back to serious JFK research after a grueling but exciting 10-12 hour 16 day tour of duty without a break, except for a half day overlay due to serious extreme weather conditions that closed the whole base.

In the field for most of the time, we clocked 1700 miles on our vehicle, and completed dozens of scenarios in helping to train US Army soldiers prior to deployment in possible combat zones abroad. While I can't describe exactly what we do, there are a few things that have a bearing on the assassination that I want to mention that fit into JFKCountercoup and our work on this subject.

The first is one of my fellow COBs. The military puts everything into acronyms, and ours is Citizens On the Battlefield - and one of the guys who works with me - this was not our first exercise together - is Iggy - that I think is the nickname for Ignatious.

The other related item that came up during my work with the Army was my interaction with first class Army snipers - who taught me a lot and gave me their opinions as to what went down at Dealey Plaza that day. This is a subject that I will devote more time to in a subsequent article and blog post. Until then I want to introduce you to Iggy.

One day during the middle of an exercise, one of the team leaders asked us who was born in 1941 - and Iggy sheepishly raised his hand and acknowledged it was him in his broken English-Spanish.

Apparently the secretaries back at the front office near Langley noticed his birthday and put out a warning for the team leaders to keep an eye on him because of his age. But Iggy didn't back down or slow down. When they needed a male to be one of the three killed in a skirmish - he volunteered, and did a good job of dying.

Iggy is Cuban, and like about half of our COB unit, he is a veteran - US Army. During a downtime over lunch I talked with Iggy, as I have in the past, as I find his story fascinating.

Born in Cuba to a large family he was there in April 1961 during the Bay of Pigs, but shortly thereafter defected as a refugee to Florida, and offering to fight Castro, was told to join the US Army. Sent to Fort Knox for training, Iggy says he was assigned to Brigade A174 - the Cuban Regiment that eventually numbered 18,000 men, all Cubans, complete with Spanish speaking trainers and officers.

They were given an accelerated basic training, so they were ready by the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962 - and he says, were mobilized for combat and readied to invade Cuba three times - once put on a ship off the coast of Cuba, but each time they were called back and told to stand down.

This reminded me of the story of the Cuban Pathfinders trained at JMWAVE to infiltrate Cuba and assassinate Castro, as they too were ordered sent in three times, and each time they were called back and told to stand down, which for them was a very frustrating experience, as it was for Iggy and the A174 Brigade.

Yet, he remains optimistic, proud to be an American, goes to mass every Sunday with his family, and is sad that he has lost four of his brothers in the past few years.

Iggy is a neighbor of mine who I often run into at the local supermarket - and while on this mission he turned me on to mangos - a really delicious Caribbean fruit that I now enjoy as much as possible.

During another downtime in our exercise - while we were preparing for another engagement - he said, since I was a writer and historian - did I know about the Ladies of Havana?

As he explained it to me, "just Google it:" he said, and as I have since confirmed - the Ladies of Havana, at the time of the American Revolution, supported our cause - and at the request of French admirals Jean Bapiste Rochambeau and Francois Joseph Paul De Grasse, the society women of Havana, who hated the English from their previous occupation of the city - donated money and mainly jewelry, diamonds, silver and gold that amounted to $28 million dollars in today's worth.

While this tidbit of revolutionary fact has not been reported in most history books, it is an established fact, as reported in this article.  

France's role in helping the colonists fight the British troops in the War of Independence is well known. But did you know about the "ladies of Havana"? They played a critical role in the battle that led to the end of the Revolutionary War - the Yorktown campaign.......The Cuban women, most likely well-to-do ladies who belonged to cultural patriotic associations that were common in the Spanish colonies of the time, and the Cuban merchants donated jewelry, diamonds and about 1.2 million pounds sterling. This is precisely the amount that Rochambeau had asked Adm. Francois Joseph Paul de Grasse to raise on his way from the Caribbean Antilles to the Chesapeake Bay to fight Cornwallis.

And so it was that Cuba, which was a rich center of trade for the Spanish, came through for old George.

"The million that was supplied . . . by the ladies of Havana, may, with truth, be regarded as the 'bottom dollars' upon which the edifice of American independence was erected," American historian Stephen Bonsal wrote in When the French Were Here (published by Doubleday, Doran and Co. in 1945).

And so my friend and fellow COB Iggy - not only helped explain the American-Cuban situation during the Kennedy administration, that we know played such a significant role in his murder, but also educated me about the role of the Ladies of Havana who supported our own revolution and independence. 

And now that I am back in action, and promise to post new and informative items on a daily basis through the rest of the year - leading up to CAPA's November 22-23 conference in Dallas, I ask you to be the Ladies of Havana - and support my work, my research and writing and JFKCountercoup, at least for the next few critical months - as I really believe we can wrap up this case - the assassination of President JFK, to a legal and moral certainty, without the still withheld records, before this year is out. 

I don't need much - just a few grand - while the opposition writers like Max Holland get six figure a year salaries from the CIA to promote their propaganda, all I am asking for is $3,000 to keep me going for the rest of the year. Support me as best you can and I promise I won't disappoint you. 

I especially appreciate the $20 - $40 contributions - as that is in my category of what I can afford to give to my causes - and I will put it to good use. 

My report on the Snipers' opinions of the Dealey Plaza Operation is Up Next. Stay Tuned. 

Friday, June 21, 2019

Hugh Aynesworth, Ted Bundy and the 1969 Parkway Murders

Hungh Aynesworth, Ted Bundy and the 1969 Parkway Murders - By Bill Kelly

NOTE: : I am still "on maneuvers,:" as Dr. Wecht put it, and will be until Monday, but we had a break in the action so I am posting a few items that I have on the shelf that I think you may enjoy and fit the JFKCountercoup mold, though somewhat on the fringe.

The Opposition keeps trying to say that we are promoting "conspiracy theories," but that's not true.

It's not the idea of conspiracy we are studying - figuring that out is a result of our study of political assassinations - one of the most influential and lest studied aspects of contemporary politics.

It is the MURDER - not the Conspiracy that is the focus of study and analysis.

Of all the unresolved cold case political assassinations on record - the assassination of President Kennedy fifty years ago is the one that still has the most relevance - the one that is most easiest solved, and the one that garners the most public attention, though the other major assassinations of the 1960s - RFK, MLK, Malcolm X, Medgar Evers, et al., are all significant and will be the most studied historically.

But the assassination of President Kennedy is still HOT - as President Trump continues to withhold JFK assassination records in contrivance of the JFK Act, so this is not ancient history but is still a contemporary event - and one that can be legally resolved, if only the effort is made.

I've always avoided getting into the details of assassinations other than JFK as I thought it best to try to stay focused and resolve one assassination at a time.

But in the course of my journalistic career a few other murders have cropped up on my turf - my beat, and two of them I believe are cold case homicides that can and should be resolved to a legal and moral certainty, though Justice will never be done.

The first one that I think can be solved, as it already basically has by those familiar with the players is the Labor Day 1964 murder of Boardwalk Fudge King Harry Anglemeyer, a successful gay businessman who was garnering support to end the Ocean City (N.J.) Blue Laws ban on commercial businesses on Sundays.

That case has many twists and turns, and for those who are interested, figures into my non-fictional novela - "Waiting on the Angels - the Long Cool Summer of '65 Revisited - [ Blogger: Waiting on the Angels - The Long Cool Summer of '65 Revisited - All posts ].

Anglemyer's killer turned out to be a cop who was protected by the Director of public safety, and whose brother became chief of police, very similar to the obstruction of Justice we see in the JFK case.

But I am currently more interested in the 1969 Parkway Murders of two college coeds, that I think can be positively pinned on Ted Bundy, though the official investigators are reluctant to pursue that possibility, and for good reason.

I have been investigating and reporting on the Parkway Murders since Ted Bundy was executed in 1980, so the 50th Anniversary of the killings and a recent Netflix TV documentary has revived interest in these murders.

Since Dallas journalist Hugh Aynesworth, who most people know from his reporting on the Kennedy assassination,  was one of the two reporters on the Netflix show - "The Bundy Tapes,"  I'll take that as a loose connection to the JFKCountercoup - that gives me the opportunity to see how particular investigative techniques can be developed and used to solve such cold case homicides - like the assassination of JFK.


Due to the resurgence of interest in mass murderer Ted Bundy due to the Netflix TV series “Conversations with a Killer -The Bundy Tapes,” and the 50th anniversary of the 1969 Garden State Parkway Coed murders, I have decided to revisit the evidence in the case to see if it can be positively determined that Bundy was responsible.

For starters, I re-read two of the more responsible books on Bundy’s murderous career – Richard Larsen’s The Deliberate Strangers and Ted Bundy – The Killer Next Door by Steven Winn and David Merrill.  

The Netflix documentary is based on the work of two journalists – Stephen Michaud and Hugh Aynesworth – the Dallas reporter who is best known for his prejudicial reporting on the assassination of President Kennedy.

Aynesworth was all over the place on the weekend of the assassination, at the scene of most of the major events during the weekend of the assassination, - at Dealey Plaza, Oak Cliff and the Dallas PD basement shortly after the murders of JFK, Tippit and Oswald occurred. 

Yet, unlike Tom Alyea, Earl Golz, Wes Wise, Seth Kantor, and a very few other reporters who questioned the official version of events, Aynesworth bought and promotes the official story hook, line and sinker.

For me this goes against the grain of Aynesworth – the investigative reporter who exposed the head of the Dallas Crime Commission as a criminal himself.

Why didn’t Aynesworth apply the same inquisitive nature to one of the great unresolved murder mysteries of all time - the triple murders of the President, J.D. Tippit and Lee Harvey Oswald?

We learn the answer from the records recently released under the JFK Act where Aynesworth’s application for a job at the CIA indicates that while not accepted for employment, he served as a steady source of information, reporting regularly to Dallas CIA Domestic Contacts officer J. Walton Moore.

J. Walton Moore was also the primary CIA contact of the accused assassin’s best friend and benefactor George deMohrenschildt, when Oswald returned from the USSR.

The first time deMohrenschildt visited Oswald unannounced, he was accompanied by White Russian Colonel Lawrence Orlov, who routinely played racket ball with J. Walton Moore, and kept Moore informed on all the Russian refugees and defectors, including Oswald.

As an OSS officer during World War II, we learn from recently released records that Moore was sent on a special mission to China with OSS agent Charles Ford, who later became head of the CIA’s training division and worked primarily out of Quantico, Virginia. From the Training Division, Ford was temporarily assigned to Plans – Operations – for a two year period in the early 1960s when he was tasked with assisting Attorney General Robert Kennedy – ostensibly in dealing with Cubans and mobsters.

Charles Ford was also the CIA official given custody of an early copy of the Zapruder film, loaned to the CIA “for training purposes.”

So Hugh Aynesworth’s CIA contact was not just a casual one, as according to the CIA records released under the JFK Act, Aynesworth told J. Walton Moore in early November 1963 that he was preparing to take a trip to Cuba, and that he would keep Moore and the CIA informed of what he learned there.

Knowing all of this, I was quite surprised to learn that Anynesworth was so involved in the Bundy case.
Netflix’s “Bundy Tapes” indicate that there were two writers – Aynesworth, who went to the scenes of the crimes attributed to Bundy, and Michaud – who gained Bundy’s confidence and with Bundy’s permission he tape recorded hours of conversations that give insight into the mind of a real mass murderer.

Theodore Robert Bundy – who briefly attended Temple University in Philadelphia, was a college graduate who worked for the California Crime Commission and attended law school, was knowledgeable about the law and how it works – and avoided detection for so long by deliberately committing his crimes in different law enforcement jurisdictions, so the pattern of a mass murderer didn’t immediately emerge.

Bundy read law books, wrote legal motions, and served as his own defense attorney, and pleading his innocence and denying having committed any of the murders attributed to him, despite the mounting evidence against him.

In order to get around Bundy’s insistence of innocence, Michaud tried a different tack – asking Bundy how he thought the killer committed the crimes and why he did it?

Answering questions in the Third Person – as if the killer was another person – Bundy responded, revealing a new aspect of his personality and  character – that of a mass murder.

As described in a review: “Near the end of the first episode, we get a eureka moment from reporter Stephen Michaud, whose 1980 audio interviews with Bundy — recorded on cassette while he was on death row — form the spine of the documentary. Michaud tells (director) Berlinger that he realized a traditional jailhouse interview wasn’t getting him anywhere, because Bundy was weaving a false narrative about himself that tactically avoided describing his then-alleged crimes. Then he got the bright idea of asking Bundy to talk about himself in the third person — sort of a Hannibal Lecter – style killer-as-consultant scenario, undertaken a year before Thomas Harris published his first novel about the famous fictional killer. Being an insatiable self-dramatist, Bundy took the bait, analyzing himself in exhaustive detail, but always with plausible deniability because he was speaking not about himself, but of a hypothetical other person. But as ingenious as this gambit was, and as fascinating as Bundy’s analysis is, it doesn’t get us any closer to the core of what made him tick. In fairness, perhaps nothing could — not even a narrative device that gives a convicted killer permission to analyze himself….”

This wasn’t new to me either, as shortly after Bundy was executed I interviewed Utah State prison psychiatrist Dr. Albert L. Carlisle – who told me in a phone interview that he used the same technique in tape recording interviews with Bundy when he was in prison. He got Bundy to explain what he thought the murderer went through, which brought about some interesting insights that have yet to be properly explored.
Unlike reporter Steven Michaud however, Carlisle was restrained by his doctor-patient confidentiality until Bundy was dead, and then he revealed the fact that in one of his discussions with Bundy concerning how such murderous impulses are inspired, Bundy described a trip he took that was supposed to go from Philadelphia to the West Coast, where he was to deliver a Temple professor’s car. Instead however, he went to New York City where he visited the porno palaces at Time Square, and then visited the Ocean City, N.J. boardwalk, checking out all of the college girls on the beach.

Then Bundy said, “….there he took out two girls – and it was the first time he did it.”

When Carlisle checked in with the local authorities, he learned that there was a duel homicide on Memorial Day weekend 1969, exactly the time Bundy was in Philadelphia and driving to the West Coast in a professor’s Volkswagen, and with their gas credit card.

Dr. Albert Carlisle was quite alarmed when then Atlantic County prosecutor Jeffrey Blitz declined to investigate Bundy as a suspect in the case, saying the “standards of evidence is different for a psychologist and a prosecutor,” and that he considered the Bundy lead as hearsay.

Carlisle was flabbergasted saying, “I don’t understand – Bundy confesses to killing two girls at the Jersey Shore where he was in the spring of 1969, and they have two murdered girls at the same place and time and they don’t want to try to resolve this unsolved case?”

Carlisle just didn’t know the details of the Parkway Coed murders, or the nature of New Jersey law enforcement.

For starters, like all of Bundy’s murders, the bodies of the victims were found in the woods off a major highway sometime after the crime had been committed, so the hot trail is lost, leads are exhausted and it quickly becomes an unresolved cold case.

The police also screwed up when the otherwise very capable New Jersey State Police officer who discovered the victim’s car parked on the side of the Garden State Parkway, checked to see if it was stolen, and when it wasn’t, had it towed, but didn’t call it in. Then he and the tow truck driver went on holiday vacations, and it wasn’t until they returned when they learned about the missing college girls, reported they had towed the car, and the area was searched and the bodies of the girls were found three days after they were killed, leaving the trail cold.

So when Bundy’s name was mentioned as a possible suspect – the New Jersey State Police and the Atlantic County Prosecutor’s office didn’t want to know if Bundy was the killer because if he was, they would feel guilty if not responsible for the fifty to a hundred girls he killed afterwards.

New Jersey law enforcement officials at the time of Bundy’s execution did not want to know if Bundy was responsible for the Parkway murders, and didn’t bother to send any officers to Quantico, Virginia for the so-called Bundy conference where they tried to determine if Bundy was responsible for any of the other unsolved homicides in various jurisdictions.

But now, with different officials in responsible positions, it may be possible to determine with certainty whether Bundy did kill those girls in 1969.While that was a half-century ago, we now have a lot of new tools at our disposal that could help lead to a resolution – the internet, DNA, and new forensic scientific methods.

Certainly Bundy must be considered a suspect in the case, and the lead should be pursued. 

After all Parkway murders were carried out using Bundy's basic MO - Modus Operandi - kidnapping, kiling and sexually molesting young college girls, 19-25 years old, hair parted in the middle; a peeping tom and voyer who spied on his victims before abducting them, used a broken arm ruse to get their sympathy, gets them to accompany him or allow him to accompany them, incompasates them, kills them (blundgeon, strangle or knife), sexually molests them, leaves them naked in the woods off a major highway, disposes of their clothes away from the body(ies), and leaves the area and investigative jurisdiction before the crime is discovered. 

Bundy was in the area at the time (attended Temple U.), drove a VW bug, appeared to live in it, paid for his gas with a credit card, visited porno parlors on Times Square in New York City after visiting Burlington, Vt., where he was born, and obtaining a copy of his birth certificate. 

At the time Bundy was under intense emotional pressure - having learned that he was born out of wedlock, the women he was told was his older sister was actually his mother, and his father was a fly by night Air Force man who he would never know. 

In addition Bundy had been jilted a few months earlier by the "love of his life," a beautiful, sophisticated heiress who was above Bundy's social stature. 

Although there was a young girl missing from Bundy's newspaper delivery route, that he is now also a suspect, it appears that if Bundy is responsible for the 1969 Parkway murders, it probably was the first time he did it, five years before his 1974 murderous spree of some 30 dead girls in some six states. 

For those interested in Bundy's psychosis - a more thorough review of the Parkway murders and possibly pinning it on him would certainly make sense, and give us an even more accurate picture of such elusive mass murders like Ted Bundy. 

First some basic questions must be answered:

1)      Where physically is the Parkway Coed Murder file. It was located at a NJ State Police Barracks in Absecon that is no longer in existence, so it must have been moved. Where is it?
2)      Who – what officer -  is assigned the responsible for keeping such cold case homicides an active investigation in the NJ State Police, Atlantic County Prosecutor’s Office and Ocean City and Somers Point police departments/
3)      What became of the blue Chevy convertible?
4)      Was it dusted for fingerprints?
5)      Was it vacuumed for microscope hairs or other possible evidence?
6)      Is there any DNA evidence from the bodies preserved?
7)      Who is still alive today? Blazer the tow truck driver? Parkway worker who found the bodies – Woody Faunce? The State Policeman who had the car towed?

For an update on the 1969 Parkway Murders written on the 50th Anniversary see:
From Jersey Shore Nightbeat Blog – May 17, 2019:

NOTE: Unfortunately Dr. Carlisle passed away on May 29, 2018, but he did write two books on Bundy that I have ordered and will review for more info on this case. I will also try to locate the current whereabouts of the audio tape recordings of Dr. Carlisle's conversations with Bundy. 

Dr. Albert L. Carlisle                                                                           

Al Carlisle, born and raised in Utah, got his BS and MS from Utah State University and his Ph.D. in clinical psychology from Brigham Young University. The majority of his career has been as a psychologist at the Utah State Prison from which he retired as the head of the Psychology Department in 1989. He was a consultant for the Salt Lake Rape Crisis Center for several years and he has conducted workshops on serial homicide and other crime topics. He has done extensive research on serial killers and has interviewed Arthur Gary Bishop, Westley Allan Dodd, Keith Jesperson, the Hi-Fi killers, Ted Bundy, and many others.
In 1976, while working in the 90-Day Diagnostic Unit at Utah State Prison, Dr. Carlisle met and interviewed a man who forever changed his life: “Hi, I’m Ted Bundy. You must be Dr. Carlisle.”

Dr. Carlisle’s fourth book, Violent Mind, details the encounter with the serial killer and the assessment process he went through to determine that Bundy was violent at a time when many people felt that he was wrongly convicted of aggravated kidnapping.

Dr. Carlisle passed away in May 2018. He is deeply missed. 

Al Carlisle ISBN: 978-0-9982973-7-8 Violent Mind Media One Sheet

Ted Bundy was convicted of Aggravated Kidnapping. But was he violent?

In March 1976, Ted Bundy was convicted of the aggravated kidnapping of a young woman near Salt Lake City, Utah. Bundy had not been accused or convicted of any violent crime except this one. No one knew then how many women Bundy had murdered, and many thought him incapable of doing so.\

Dr. Al Carlisle was part of the 90-Day Diagnostic team at the Utah State Prison when Bundy was sent there after the trial. Dr. Carlisle’s assignment was specific: Determine to the best of his ability, without being biased by any of the reports previously done, whether Ted Bundy had a violent personality. The judge would use this information in deciding whether Bundy should serve time or be released on probation.

In Violent Mind: The 1976 Psychological Assessment of Ted Bundy, Dr. Carlisle takes the reader step by step through this previously-unpublished evaluation process, and shows how he concluded that Bundy had the capacity to commit aggravated kidnapping, and perhaps much worse.

Violent Mind contains never-before-seen interviews with Ted Bundy and those who knew him, including a letter Bundy wrote to Dr. Carlisle that has been locked away for more than 40 years.

Al Carlisle ISBN: 978-0-9908575-6-3 I'm Not Guilty 

Ted Bundy brutally murdered over 30 women

From his arrest until his execution in 1989, Ted Bundy was interviewed extensively by psychologists, journalists, and law enforcement. He offered insight into the thoughts and methods of other serial killers. It wasn’t until the last few days of his life that he confessed to his crimes, which he attributed to a mysterious Entity he claimed compelled him to kill.

Dr. Al Carlisle, Ph.D., evaluated Bundy for the Utah court in 1976. Ever since, Carlisle has painstakingly reconstructed Ted Bundy’s history through conversations with Bundy’s friends, lovers, neighbors, investigators—and through Bundy’s own words.

The only book of its kind, I’m Not Guilty gives a thorough analysis of the facts of Bundy’s life and crimes based on Carlisle’s research findings. Then, through an authoritative, speculative interview with Bundy, Carlisle enhances what is known about the origins of the Entity and Bundy’s need to kill, in which we learn why a “normal child” could grow up to be a serial killer.


Dr. Al Carlisle 1937- 2018, passed away suddenly on the morning of May 29, 2018 after spending Memorial day with family. His laughter and insight is greatly missed. 

Violent Mind contains never-before-seen interviews with Ted Bundy and those who knew him, including a letter Bundy wrote to Dr. Carlisle that has been locked away for more than 40 years.

In March 1976, Ted Bundy was convicted of the aggravated kidnapping of a young woman near Salt Lake City, Utah. Bundy had not been accused or convicted of any violent crime except this one. No one knew then how many women Bundy had murdered, and many thought him incapable of doing so.

Dr. Al Carlisle was part of the 90-Day Diagnostic team at the Utah State Prison when Bundy was sent there after the trial. Dr. Carlisle’s assignment was specific: Determine to the best of his ability, without being biased by any of the reports previously done, whether Ted Bundy had a violent personality. The judge would use this information in deciding whether Bundy should serve time or be released on probation.

In Violent Mind: The 1976 Psychological Evaluation of Ted Bundy, Dr. Carlisle takes the reader step by step through this previously-unpublished evaluation process, and shows how he concluded that Bundy had the capacity to commit aggravated kidnapping, and perhaps much worse.

Many books have been written about Bundy, but rarely have we had the opportunity to understand the inner workings of his mind. Now, Dr. Al Carlisle shares the step-by-step psychological assessment process regarding how he determined that Bundy was a very violent person and would likely continue to kill victims if he was set free. The assessments that led to Bundy’s incarceration are being published for the first time.

Violent Mind contains never-before-seen interviews with Ted Bundy and those who knew him, including a letter Bundy wrote to Dr. Carlisle that has been locked away for more than 40 years.

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NOTE: Now if anyone seriously thought Lee Harvey Oswald was a deranged nut case as Ted Bundy most certainly was, they would evaluate him as Carlisle evaluated Bundy. But Oswald wasn't crazy, he was a Covert Operational Personality (COP) profile, and not a sociopath as Hugh Aynesworth would have you believe. - BK