Sunday, July 15, 2018

Working Hypothesis on the Assassination of President Kennedy

BILL KELLY’S HYPOTHESIS on the Assassination of JFK

After reading and posting John Newman's Hypothesis from his new book Countdown-to-Darkness (1), I recalled having put together my own hypothesis at the request of counter-conspiracy Professor Ken Rahn, some years ago

An hypothesis is "a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation." 

So I decided to give it another crack and here goes: Bill Kelly's Hypothesis on the Assassination of JFK


1) Regardless of the role of Lee Havey Oswald,  it doesn’t matter whether the chief suspect was the lone assassin or a patsy, Oswald fits the profile of the Covert Operational Personality (COP), and the crime fits the MO – Modus Operandi of a covert intelligence operation, therefore – H1 -whatever happened at Dealey Plaza was a covert intelligence operation - CIO - that utilized standard covert operational procedures, techniques and deceptions designed to protect the actual sponsors. Since all Covert Intelligence Operations are referred to by a code name – we will call it the Dealey Plaza Operation (DPO).

2) H2 – Cuba is the key. The domestic anti-Communist intelligence network responsible for planning and executing the Dealey Plaza operation had performed similar operations in the past and continues to do so today, and at the time - 1963 - was deeply entwined and overlapping operations in Cuba, and Cuba is the key to unlocking the identity of the network.

As the Microsoft engineer who assisted in the application of their recently developed Azure Search and Cognitive Services to the recently released (2017-2018) JFK assassination records of the JFK Collection by the National Archives and Records Administrations (NARA), immediately recognized the correlation among the Cuban interests of many of the main participants in the assassination story. Cuba is the key to unraveling the covert mysteries of the assassination.

3) H3 -  The Operational Plan for the Dealey Plaza Operation was originally devised to have snipers kill Castro with high powered rifles as he rode in an open jeep in Cuba, as he often did,  a plan (like Pathfinder) that was "disapproved by higher authority," taken off the shelf by those who conducted it, and used to kill the higher authority himself.

4) H4 - This Operational Plan (alao Pathfinder) included a black propaganda psychological warfare disinformation twist to blame the murder on Oswald and Castro Cuban Communists.

5) H5 - The Dealey Plaza operation was designed to be publicly viewed and officially investigated as a conspiracy of at least two snipers - albet a Cuban Communist conspiracy, but this part of the Operational Plan was rejected by President Johnson the evening of the assassination and replaced with the (Phase Two) deranged lone nut scenario. [See: The Tipping Point ]

6) H6 - Since there is no statute of limitations on murder, the legally unresloved homicide of the president and those murders associated directly with it (Tippit, Oswald, Kothe, Giancana, Rosselli, Meyer, et al) should be active investigations, especially with the upcoming release of previously sealed records that could help resolve these cases.


From: VOLUME II – John M. Newman 

Major Working Hypotheses. The following working hypotheses pertain to the entire series of volumes in the present work. Hypotheses Three and Four was presented in the 2008 edition of my previous work, Oswald and the CIA. We will build upon them as the volumes of this series unfold.

(1)   1-          Hypothesis One: At some point in 1962, regardless of how much earlier someone might have wanted President Kennedy to be assassinated, the contours of the plot that eventually emerged began to fall into place: an American Marxist, Lee Harvey Oswald would assassinate JFK and APPEAR to have done so for Fidel Castro with the assistance of the KGB.
(2)   2-          Hypothesis Two:  The plot was also designed to make it APPEAR that the Kennedy brothers’ plan to overthrow Castro had been successfully turned around by Fidel, resulting in the assassination.
(3)   3-          Hypothesis Three:  Lee Harvey Oswald was sent by his agent handler to New Orleans in the summer of 1963 to build upon his pro-Castro Cuban legend that he had begun to establish in Dallas at the beginning of that year.
(4)   4-          Hypothesis Four: Oswald’s CIA files were manipulated by CIA counter-intelligence in the weeks before the assassination to support the design mentioned in Hypothesis One and Two.

In this connection, Oswald (or an imposter) traveled to Mexico City (28 September-3 October 1963) and met with a Soviet diplomat, Valery Kostikov, who was known to U.S. intelligence to be the head of KGB assassinations (Department 13) for the Western Hemisphere.

(5)   5-          Hypothesis Five: An essential element of the plot was a psychological operation to raise the specter of WWIII and the death of forty million Americans. 7.  

      [Note: 7. See the discussion in David Talbot’s Brothers – The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years (New York: Free Press, 2007, p. 252-253). Talbot discusses the threat of nuclear war, and also Castro’s remark, “You watch and see, I know them, they will try put the blame on us for this thing.”].

      This threat of a nuclear holocaust was then used by President Johnson to terrify Chief Justice Earl Warren and some of the other men who served on the Warren Commission to such an extent that they believed there was no alternative to writing a report stating Lee Oswald alone had assassinated the president.

(6)   6-          Hypothesis Six (New): The deaths of Patrice Lumumba in the Congo and Rafael Trujillo in the Dominican Republic – without regard to who actually pulled the triggers – were ultimately the result of President Eisenhower’s top secret plan according to which their elimination was an indispensable requirement for the success of his covert plan to overthrow Castro.

(7)   7-          Hypothesis Seven (New): President Kennedy’s April 1961 decisions against direct U.S. military intervention in Cuba and Laos spawned the deep hatred in many circles that gathered momentum during the Cuban Missile Crisis, and later became a critical part of the motivation for his assassination in 1963.

(8)   Further Assumptions

(9)   -          Neither Fidel Castro nor the Soviet Union was involved in the assassination of JFK.

(10)                 -          For the plot that was used in the JFK assassination to work, Castro had to be alive after the president’s death. Rolando Cubela would have to be denied the means to easily kill Castro until after – several months at a minimum – the assassination in Dallas took place.

(11)                 -          Many of the post-assassination lies and cover-ups were carried out by people who had nothing to do with the pre-existing plot to assassinate the president. Many of these people mistakenly thought that what they were doing was in the best interest of the country.

(12)                 -          We would be mistaken to assume that just because there is no written evidence for an event that it never took place.

(13)                 -          (New): DCI Allen Dulles was aware, well before Congo’s independence, of Belgium’s plans for the recession of Katanga Province.

(14)                 -          (New): The claims, by top advisors to Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy, that an exile invasion would trigger an uprising of the Cuban population against Castro were known to be false by those who made them.

(15)                 -          (New): The CIA attempt to cobble together a functional government-n-exile from the exiled Cuban leaders was doomed to fail right from the start.

(16)                 -          (New): Given the level and timing of Soviet Bloc military aid to the Castro regime, there was not enough time to adequately prepare, train, and equip a Cuban exile military force capable of toppling the regime.

(17)                 -          (New): DCI Allen Dulles and the Joint Chiefs of Staff knew that the CIA-planned invasion of Cuba would fail, and deliberately withheld this judgement from the president. Furthermore, they assumed that, once the exile forces were being slaughtered on the beachhead at the Bay of Pigs, Kennedy would reverse his policy of refusing to intervene with U.S. military forces.

(18)                 -          (New): Allen Dulles hoped that DDP Dick Bissel would be fired for the failed landing in Cuba, and that Dulles would get to remain as DCI instead of being replaced by Bissell as JFK had originally planned.

(19)                 The Implications of the False Defector Scenario

(20)                 Once you say you are willing to seriously consider that Oswald was sent as a false defector to the Soviet Union to surface a Soviet mole or moles in the CIA and/or MI-6, you have walked into the proverbial wilderness of mirrors. For several reasons, it is best not to aver that this scenario was, in fact, so; rather, it is better to treat it as a hypotheses best described in terms of the probabilities of its many possible scenarios. When considering intelligence operations, “beyond a reasonable doubt” or “by a preponderance of the evidence” are standards of proof that are undercut by plausible deniability. 

(21)                 And like it or not, in this case your choices have important consequences. Whatever permutation you choose, from the many scenarios available, fundamentally affects the way you understand Oswald’s behavior in Japan, and just about all of the major events in his life after his defection to the USSR and re-defection to the U.S

(22)                 To begin with, you must accept as probable, the possibility that neither side (CIA or KGB) in this counterintelligence chess match would have officially acknowledged that Oswald was a false defector. To have done so against the backdrop of the Kennedy assassination would have revealed an embarrassing serious interest in him when both intelligence services were desperate to establish as much distance as possible from the alleged assassin. And if Oswald was not a false defector, both sides would still say the same thing. So the denials get you exactly nowhere. But understanding both sides would deny it if it had been true is important.

(23)                 Oswald’s status as the alleged killer of JFK made him radioactive to both intelligence services. Oswald’s late 1963 Soviet KGB contacts in Mexico caused the KGB – after the assassination – to send a false defector, Yuri Nosenko, to claim that they had nothing to do with the “abnormal” Oswald. In the end, the CIA would be happy to let that fairytale go unchallenged, as it assisted their analogous claim – that the CIA had nothing to do with Oswald’s sojourn in the USSR.

(24)                 In this scenario of moles and false defectors on both sides, you must also accept as probable, the possibility that even when one side discovered a mole in its midst while working for the other side, the mole had to be left in place – perhaps for several years even as more damage occurred – in order to prevent the other side from figuring out how the mole was uncovered. Before arresting the mole, it was necessary to create and sell a secondary and believable story about how the case was solved to divert the opponent’s attention to the true source of the discovery.

(25)                 With so many layers of deception, you must admit that, at the end of the day, you do not have the “true” story or all of the story; rather, what you have is a complicated best-case scenario. In the hypothesis under consideration here, the basic scenario is already complex: using Oswald to surface a highly placed Soviet mole in the West who had betrayed the U.S. U-2 program and also very likely the CIA mole in the GRU, Pyotr Popov. But this scenario was made exceeding MORE complex by a subsequent KGB defector....Nosenko gave the CIA a COMPLETELY FALSE account of that (Oswald’s) file. The KGB, Nosenko said, had no interest at all in Oswald, had not interviewed him, watched him or bugged his apartment in Minsk. Similarly, the CIA’s official position has been that they never had contact with or interest in Oswald. Both sides were telling false tales…..

(26)                 His (Nosenko’s) claim of complete familiarity with the Oswald’s Soviet sojourn was the bait that assured he would be allowed to defect to the U.S. What happened afterward was one of the hardest fought and destructive battles in the history of the Agency…

(27)                 The Soviet denial of interest in Oswald collapsed with the demise of the USSR. We have not suffered a political collapse of similar proportions in America, but instead have witnessed a further entrenchment of a national security state….

(28)                 Little by little, as the small pieces of information were reevaluated in the light of yet more small pieces, new life was breathed into the false defector hypothesis. That story is important all by itself, aside from the JFK case, because it leads so deeply into the spy-counterspy wars of the past and that may still be taking place.

(29)                 If Oswald was a witting tool of an Angleton operation at the beginning of the story, it increases the probability that he might have been witting or manipulated into an operation at the end of the story.

(30)                 A CIA propaganda associate of David Phillips, William Kent, intimated as much to his daughter at a family Thanksgiving gathering: “Oswald was a useful idiot.”

Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Supreme Nominee Kavanaugh Rules on Morley vs. CIA

Kavanaugh Rules on Morely vs. CIA and is Nominated to Supreme Court 

Dallas D.A. Henry Wade                                    Judge Brett Kavanaugh 

“The public benefit was small” Judge Brett Kavanaugh concluded in a three judge split decision over whether Jeff Morley’s Freedom of Information Act suit against the CIA was significant enough to have the CIA pay the legal fees of his attorney Jim Lesar.

Kavanaugh’s ruling in favor of the CIA came on the afternoon of Monday, July 9, and a few hours later he was nominated to serve of the Supreme Court by President Trump.

While most of the media and the Senators who must approve the nomination focus on Kavanaugh’s opinion on Roe vs. Wade, a landmark 1973 Supreme Court decision over women’s rights to have an abortion, the Morley case could be even more significant.  

“Jane Roe” was a pseudonym for women who sued Dallas District Attorney Henry Wade over the abortion rights issue. Wade had indicted Lee Harvey Oswald for the murder of Dallas policeman J.D. Tippit and President Kennedy, shortly before Oswald was killed while in police custody.

It was Henry Wade’s assistant DA Bill Alexander, who was prodded by David A. Phillip’s CIA asset Joe Goulden, to charge Oswald with “furthering a communist conspiracy,” before LBJ and Wade put a halt to it, deciding to go with the deranged lone nut scenario instead.

Kavanaugh says that the Supreme Court has already made a decision on Roe verses Wade and it won’t come up again, so it’s a mute point. His decision on the value of Morley vs. the CIA however, is not so mute.

Over a decade ago Morley filed his Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for the CIA records of former CIA officer named George Joannides, who few people heard of at the time. After years of wrangling over the records, Morley discovered that Joannides had been the CIA case officer for the DRE – an anti-Castro Cuban group whose New Orleans representatives were arrested with Lee Harvey Oswald, who a few months later was accused of killing President John F. Kennedy.

Joannides was a psychological warfare specialist, and his Cuban DRE agents published a newspaper in the days after the assassination that promoted the false idea that Fidel Castro was behind the Dealey Plaza conspiracy.

A decade later Joannides was called out of retirement to serve as the CIA’s liaison to the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA), whose chief counsel at the time said that he was hoodwinked by the CIA, and would have called Joannides as a witnesses had he known of his association with the DRE.

Morley’s case not only revealed these startling facts about the President’s assassination, that you won’t read in the Warren Report, but other significant details, including the fact that Joannides received a CIA award for his exemplary service to the Company.

Now its quite incredible as to how Kavanaugh could conclude the “public benefit was small” in learning these facts about the murder of the president, when we haven’t even digested it yet, and won’t know all of the facts on the assassination the CIA is keeping from us until 2021. That’s because the JFK Act of 1992 has been extended until then by President Trump, who nominated Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court a few hours after his decision in support of the CIA.

Bill Simpich also notes the fact that Kavanaugh also kept volume five of the official CIA history of the Bay of Pigs secret, though it is now available.

Whether the public benefit is small or extremely significant is yet to be seen, as the dissenting judge in the three judge decision has made some important points, we have yet to see the still sealed government assassination records and Morley may appeal this decision, that will increase his legal fees but keep these issues in the public light. 

For more on this see: 
On JFK secrecy, Brett Kavanaugh sides with the CIA - JFK Facts

Wednesday, July 4, 2018

Support the Army of Real Researchers

 "The very first conspiracy theory, that Castro and the communists killed JFK – the one expressed by President Johnson 20 minutes after the assassination, and first seeing print in the DRE’s CIA funded newspaper, Trinchera, on November 23, 1963 – still has followers and proponents, the latest being Phil Shenon. None of the proponents, it seems, have ever really considered whether they may be the victims – or a part – of a very good, deliberate disinformation operation – possibly the best Phillips and Joannides ever ran."  - Former House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) investigator and attorney Dan Hardway.

That Fidel Castro was behind the Dealey Plaza Operation was the first conspiracy theory, as Dan Hardway has observed, and on close examination, it is a theory that not only fails to stand up scrutiny, it becomes clear that theory was a black propaganda disinformation ploy built in to the original assassination plan. The part of the plan that was rejected by President Johnson because it would lead to WWIII. 

When he appeared on National Public Radio's Fresh Air program, Phil Shenon continues to promotes the bogus and debunked conspiracy theory that Castro or Castro Cuban Commies encouraged Oswald to kill Castro. 

Dave Davies Host. 

DAVIES: You know, when people consider whether Castro might have ordered the assassination of Kennedy, there's a big debate about it...I have to ask you, bottom line, do you believe or do you think it's likely that Oswald acted at the direction or encouragement of the Cubans or the Soviets? Based on what you know.

SHENON: I think we'll never really have the answer to that because those questions should've been asked 49 years ago but they weren't. I do think there is a real question as to who else knew about Oswald's plans in the week before, weeks before the assassination and whether or not anybody knowing of Oswald's open boasts about killing President Kennedy encouraged him to do that and perhaps even offered the suggestion that they would help if he could ever get out of the United States again. And this is not my crazy conspiracy theory. This is a theory offered by one of the staff investigators on the Warren Commission....

SHENON: Well, it is astonishing to discover that President Johnson at the end of his life did not accept the findings of the Warren Commission. Johnson thought that Castro killed President Kennedy. 

DAVIES: Yeah, I'm sure there are plenty of citizens that would love to just spend their late hours looking at this stuff. I suspect that there's a community of serious Kennedy assassination researchers, and you probably know each other. Do you communicate about this stuff?

SHENON: Sure. And there is indeed this army of researchers and just private citizens who have become knowledgeable if not obsessed with this subject for years and years, and they're poring over the documents. I will say that they all fall into camps. There are people who fall into the Mafia camp. There are people in the Castro camp. There are people who fall into, you know, rogue CIA agent camp. And I think if there's really a bombshell hidden in these documents, that army of investigators and researchers will find it eventually.

DAVIES: And so you wait for them to pop it up on social media or - they don't give you a call and say, oh, my god, Philip, did you see this?

SHENON: Well, unfortunately I have sort of a difficult relationship with so many of them because I've not embraced their conspiracy theories. But I - you know, whatever information they find, I welcome it. And I try to be as open-minded as I can about what they're finding and what the implications of it may be.....

KELLY NOTES: Wait a minute. We have a "sort of difficult relationship" with Shenon not because he doesn't embrace our conspiracy theories, it's because WE don't embrace HIS conspiracy theory that Castro Cuban Commies were behind the Dealey Plaza Operation, that we recognize as a deliberate black propaganda disinformation campaign designed to shield those actually responsible for JFK's murder. 

The small but efficient serious Army of Researchers - truly independent real researchers without an agenda other than determining the total truth, includes, but is not limited to Professors Peter Dale Scott and John Newman, attorneys Bill Simpich, Dan Hardway, Jim Lesar, Dr. Cyril Wecht, Russ Baker and researchers Malcolm Blunt, Larry Hancock and Rex Bradford, among others. 

And they do share their research and do communicate with each other, and they are all in agreement that the official story that one man alone committed the crime is untrue, and that Castro was involved was part of the original cover story. 

These are the top researchers and writers and the most knowledgeable scholars on the assassination of President Kennedy, but you won't hear them on National Public Radio, who routinely call on Phil Shenon to promote his silly and completely debunked conspiracy theory. 

SUPPORT JFKCountercoup and JFK Research by joining and donating to CAPA - Citizens Against Political Assassinations -  Join CAPA at

Also support MaryFerrell and the Assassination Archives and Research Center (AARC)
And JFKFacts at

Sunday, June 24, 2018

Response to Powers' Review of Morley's "Ghost"

Image result for Morley's Ghost JFK James Jesus Angleton

Kelly's Response to Powers' Review of Morley's "Ghost" 


Along with David Martin ("Wilderness of Mirrors"), David Wise ("Mole hunt"), Thomas Ross, with Wise ("The Invisible Government"), John Marks and Victor Marchetti ("The CIA and the Cult of Intelligence") and a few other journalists, Thomas Powers knows more about espionage and the history of the Cold War than many spies.

But as a 30 year veteran of the Council of Foreign Relations, he fails to tackle the assassination of the President - the ultimate mystery of our times - because he is an apologist for the same system that was responsible for the murder of the President.

The "intelligence community" still wants to protect its "sources and methods" (what Allen Dulles called the "craft of intelligence") - which are technically neutral and used by every intelligence agency and network since the days of Sun Tzu and the Art of War in China thousands of years ago. But it's too late, since these "sources and methods" have already been exposed, and counter-intelligence techniques are being properly applied to analysis of the assassination, as they should have been from the start.

Now that the "Wilderness of Mirrors" has been well documented and mapped out,
In his review of Jefferson Morley’s biography of James Jesus Angleton “Ghost,” Powers resorts to attacking Morley personally rather than wrestling with the evidence, something we can and must do.

Powers says Morley shouldn't be taken seriously and criticizes him for providing an uneven profile of Angleton - the CIA's chief of Counter Intelligence (CI) during whose watch the assassination occurred. 

But it is Angleton who provided the CI tools and trade craft, the means and methods needed to understand what actually occurred at Dealey Plaza.

Morley and Powers both tell us about Angleton's "Monster Plot" - an obsessive fear that the Soviets penetrated the CIA at its highest levels - as they did the British, West German and French intelligence agencies.  Crucial to the analysis are the alleged fake defectors who were muddying the waters - especially Anatoly Golitsyn, Yuri Nosenko and Lee Oswald, the accused assassin of the President.

Were they real or fake defectors? Thanks to the recent release of records we have the tapes and transcripts of Nosenko's interrogation, and the five CIA studies of Nosenko, one of which weighed the cost benefits of the information he gave up, and concluded he was a legitimate defector because of the value of the information.  Other knowledgeable researchers familiar with Nosenko's complete file are convinced that he lied and was a false defector.

And what about Golitsyn and Oswald? They are players in the "Monster Plot" we have yet to decipher.

Powers accuses Morley of being "strangely indifferent to the 'Monster Plot' story that engulfed Angleton - a plot that he says includes the JFK assassination," which Powers sees as "notoriously tricky" to tackle.

Powers contends that Morley is strangely indifferent to Angleton's "Monster Plot," and that Angleton's bugbear is somehow connected to the assassination of the President.  But Powers never elucidates that connection. 

It was JFK himself who nominated Michael Straight to head the National Federation of the Arts, which sparked an FBI background investigation of Straight, which discovered that he had attended Cambridge with Kim Philby, Guy Burgess, Donald MacLean and others who were recruited to be Soviet spies before going undercover in the British government. Straight confessed to being approached for recruitment by Philby but declined Philby's overture, despite Straight's communist sympathies.

Philby tipped off Burgess and MacLean before they could be arrested, so they had already made it safely to Moscow. And Philby was warned of Straight's confession by MI6 officer Nicholas Elliott and permitted to escape to Moscow. Nicholas Elliot was a close personal friend and MI6 associate of NANA's Ian Fleming and his brother Peter Fleming. Elliot was sent to Beirut, Lebanon to confront Philby, and give him the opportunity to get while the getting was good.

But the damage was done, since Philby was the MI6 liaison to the CIA and already knew all the secrets. In fact, it was Philby who taught Angleton many of the CI crafts of intelligence during WWII.  Philby and Angleton later had three-martini lunches in Washington, which eventually led CIA analyst Clare Petty to suggest that Angleton himself was the Soviet mole.

As former FBI agent William Turner has said, we know that the assassination of the President was originally devised as a CIA plan to kill Fidel Castro and was diverted to kill JFK at Dealey Plaza. It was a carefully devised Plan, not a plot, a plan that included a black propaganda disinformation deception to blame the murder of Fidel Castro, an aspect of the plan that failed.

Those who say one man alone did it for his own unknowable irrational motives have solved the case in their minds, to their own satisfaction. Those of us who believe there's more to the story, however,  can look upon all of the evidence as part of a covert intelligence operation, and utilize the CI tools at our disposal to analyze it.

Wednesday, June 20, 2018


An Alternate Narrative 

“We now know what happened at Dealey Plaza to a fairly good degree of certainty.  The motives were piling up – the Bay of Pigs, the Cuban Missile Crisis, Vietnam, the two-track backchannel to Cuba – the motives were piling up to the point they had to assassinate him. I think it’s now pretty obvious, with the information we have today, that the mechanism of it came out of the allegiance between the CIA and the Mafia. They already had an assassination apparatus set up for killing Castro, and they just switched targets and they killed JFK instead."

         -          Former FBI agent William W. Turner at Dallas COPA 2003

Keeping the CIA plots to kill Fidel Castro from the Warren Commission was one of the major deficits of their report and calls into question the primary conclusion that the assassination of President Kennedy was the work of a lone deranged gunman Lee Harvey Oswald.

It doesn’t matter whether the Cuban-connected Oswald was a lone shooter or a patsy since the CIA plots to kill Castro throw a major wrench into the deranged lone nut scenario, and adds a political motive to the murder.

Besides  the CIA-Mafia plots that began during the Eisenhower administration there were other CIA plans to kill Castro that came later in the game and have a much more serious bearing on what happened at Dealey Plaza, especially the Valkyrie plot.

In his new and important book "The Devil's. Chessboard" David Talbot mentions the role Allen Dulles and his agent-mistress Mary Bancroft played in the July 20, 1944 plot to kill Hitler - code named Valkyrie.  [1]

As Talbot points out, and Dulles suspected would become fodder for conspiracy theorists, Mary Bancroft was a close personal friend of the mother of Michael Paine, the chief patron and sponsor of Oswald and his family.

Besides that two degree of separation between Oswald and Dulles and Bancroft, the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler is mentioned a half-dozen times in the course of the assassination narrative, and while the significance of this has yet to be fully drawn out, the recurring Valkyrie theme that runs through the JFK assassination story certainly merits further scrutiny.

As mentioned in my review of  "Devil's Chessboard" [2]  when it comes to killing Castro the Valkyrie plot has been ignored - despite its numerous direct ties to what happened at Dealey Plaza, beginning with Lee Harvey Oswald and Volkmar Schmidt.


Phillip Shenon devotes a whole book “A Cruel and Terrible Act” [3] to the subject of a Mexico City Twist Party where Oswald was supposedly encouraged to kill JFK by some Cuban Communist diplomats. It's a party that Oswald could not have possibly attended as I have talked with two other Americans who were also reported present at the party and write about in my review of Shenon’s book – "A Cruel and Terrible Twist." [4]

But there was another party that was attended by Oswald where he was encouraged to commit political assassination - that of General Walker, which he is also accused of attempting to do. 
It was at a February 1963 gathering at Volkmar Schmidt's Dallas home, a party that George deMohrenschildts set up specifically for Oswald to meet Michael Paine. DeMohrenschilts later said he wanted Oswald and Paine to meet because of their mutual interest in political ideology. Michael Paine's father Lyman Paine was a founder of the Trotskyite communist party in America and Oswald subscribed to their magazine The Militant. While Michael Paine wasn’t at the party, his wife Ruth was and she met Marina and they became famously friends up until the assassination. It was at that party when Schmidt says he talked privately with Oswald for over two hours and first brought up the subject of the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler.

In a phone conversation with Schmidt [5] he told me that while talking with Oswald he used a reverse psychology technique he learned from a German doctor who knew some of those involved in the Valkyrie coup when Schmidt mentioned the plot to kill Hitler to Oswald.

While discussing right-wing general Walker, Schmidt said he compared Walker to Hitler and asked if Hitler had been assassinated how different the world would be? Schmidt implied Walker should be killed before he became another Hitler.

Born in Germany and raised in his formative years by the German doctor, Schmidt was an oil geologist, as was his friend George deMohrenschilts. Schmidt was recruited in Germany by Magnolia Oil company of Dallas - the company that used the red Pegasus sign as its logo and later merged with major conglomerates. [6]

Schmidt told me that when he learned that Oswald had been accused of taking a shot at Walker and killing JFK he felt terribly guilty, especially every time he drove through Dealey Plaza, as he believed he was responsible for planting the assassination seed in Oswald's mind.

Schmidt said, "naturally it was a terrible responsibility, and for years when I drove past the underpass I literally had to cry because, you know.... But I exonerate myself completely because I had the best intent, embarrass Kennedy...I may have triggered it. Actually, a few days after I talked with him, he bought his weapons."


Shortly after the Walker incident Oswald packed up all his family belongings and was about to suddenly and unexpectedly move his family to his home town of New Orleans. But Mrs. Paine, who was driving them to the bus station, suggested Marina and the daughter should stay with her in Texas while Oswald went on alone to New Orleans, find a job and apartment and then she would drive them there when he was settled in.

And that he did. While reconnecting with his mother's sister, his aunt Muriel and uncle Dutz Murret he got a job at Reily Coffee and an apartment on Magazine Street.

Ruth Paine then drove Marina, the daughter and the Oswald's belongings, including the rifle, to New Orleans, where they settled in. [7]

After an interesting and eventful summer in the Crescent City, the Oswalds considered returning to Texas when Ruth Paine wrote to the pregnant Marina and invited her to come and live with her in Texas until she had the baby. If she agreed, Ruth Paine wrote, Marina should write her a letter “in care of Arthur Young, Paoli, Pennsylvania,” where she would be visiting her husband's mother Ruth Forbes Paine Young. [8]


Ruth Paine was on a summer station wagon vacation with her kids driving to Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Washington D.C. and Ohio visiting friends and family. Before driving to the suburban Philadelphia farm of her husband's mother, another one of the places Ruth Paine visited was the Forbes family Naushon Island off Massachusetts.

As described by yachtsman Walter Cronkite, “Just off Woods Hole is Hadley Harbor on Naushon Island, a favorite anchorage or cruising boats. At the end of a narrow twisting passage through huge rocks, it is a scene of bucolic bliss. The Forbes family (of whom publisher-adventurer-balloonist-sailor Malcolm Forbes is one) owns the island, and great mansions grace its hilltops like castles on a Scottish moor.”

“The harbor shore itself, besides the grassy shelf on which horses, cows, and sheep graze, is lined with the support mechanism for an island population – a slip from which the Forbes’ small private ferry runs over to Woods Hole, and a boatyard which cares for the fleet of pleasure craft. The gracious Forbes not only permit anchorage in their harbor, but they even have set aside one of their small islands on which visiting yachtsmen are invited to stretch their legs. Hadley’s quiet a welcome refuge on those many days when strong winds whip up the comparatively shallow waters of Buzzard’s Bay and justify its notoriety as perhaps the Atlantic Coast’s roughest sailing round.” [9]
An eccentric heiress and humanitarian member of Cord Meyer's World Federalists, Ruth Forbes Paine had married the equally eccentric Arthur Young, genius inventor of the Bell Helicopter 47A - the MASH helicopter with glass bubble and girders. [10 ]

Michael Paine and Ruth Hyde had met and were married in Philadelphia, and after apprenticing as a helicopter designer with his step-father-in-law, Arthur Young arranged for Michael Paine to get a job at Bell Helicopter in Texas. So it was in care of Arthur Young that Marina wrote to Ruth Hyde Paine agreeing to the new arrangements - Marina would go to Texas to have the baby and wait for Ruth Paine to pick her up in New Orleans.

Most significant however is Michael's mom Ruth Forbes Paine Young and her close association with Mary Bancroft, Allen Dulles's agent and mistress who was intimately involved in the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler. [11]

In the late 1930s Ruth Forbes Paine traveled with Mary Bancroft on a steamship to Europe when Bancroft met a Swiss businessman who she would marry, putting her in position, when the Second World War broke out, to meet and work in the OSS with Allen Dulles.

While with Dulles, the top OSS chef in Europe, Bancroft met Hans Bernd Gisevius, a Nazi officer who was deeply involved in the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler.


Years in the making the Valkyrie assassination and coup plan stemmed mainly from disgruntled military officers and fell to Claus Von Stauffenberg to carry out on July 20, 1944, leaving a briefcase bomb under a map table next to Hitler in the Wolfsschanze Wolf's Lair bunker in Bavaria.

In drawing up the Valkyrie plan Von Stauffenberg broke it into two parts - Phase One would be the order to have the home national army seize all key government and communication buildings in response to a revolt by the foreign slave labor, the part of the plan that would be approved by Hitler himself. Phase Two, the secret part, was the assassination of Hitler.

The control of the radio and media centers was an instrumental part of the plan, as Von Stauffenberg put it, "the conspiracy alone must speak."

A third part of the plan was a psychological warfare twist to blame the assassination on the SS and Gestapo, whose leaders would be rounded up by the real coup planners, the military generals.

Dulles and Gisevius had opposed the use of a bomb, preferring a pistol up close or a sniper in a motorcade ambush as more likely to succeed and their fears proved true. Gisevius supported the coup but was against the bomb plot, as he told Von Stauffenberg: "I just I have the feeling we'll never succeed. I'm not speaking through fear. But I have a feeling very few of us will be alive this time next year, regardless of what happens with your bomb."

The bomb failed to kill Hitler and hundreds, some say thousands were subsequently rounded up and executed, but Gisevius escaped with the assistance of Bancroft and Dulles, who provided him with fake credentials.

After the war Bancroft translated Gisevius' account of the Third Reich and following Gisevius’ testimony against the Nazi leadership at Nuremberg, which sent them to the gallows, Dulles brought Gisevius to Washington as a CIA consultant. In Washington Dulles arranged for the ex-Nazi officer to stay with his deputy Tom Braden, who lived with his wife and their eight children in a big house next to RFK's Hickory Hill. Braden would write a book "Eight Is Enough" that would be made into a popular family TV show and pattern for The Brady Bunch. An episode on the ex-Nazi living with all those kids would certainly be entertaining. And as Talbot notes, Braden also interviewed Allen Dulles for the Kennedy Presidential Library. [12]

So after visiting Michael's mother, Mary Bancroft's good friend in Philadelphia, where she got Marina's letter, Ruth Paine drove to DC and visited her sister, who worked at the CIA, and then went on to Ohio to see her father before picking up Marina in New Orleans. [13]

Arriving in New Orleans in late September Ruth Paine stayed the night and the next day took Marina, the daughter and the Oswald's belongings, including the rifle, and drove them to Texas. Early the following morning Oswald slipped out of New Orleans and went to Mexico City to visit the Cuban and Soviet embassies.


The same September 25th day in Washington DC CIA officer Desmond Fitzgerald briefed the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who were temporarily chaired by Air Force Chief Gen. Curtis LeMay while Gen. Taylor was on a special mission to Vietnam.

Fitzgerald reported to the Joint Chiefs on the CIA's Cuban covert operations with emphasis on how the military could support them, an assignment given USMC Gen. Victor H. "Brute" Krulak, Special Assistant for Counter Insurgency Activities, whose aide Colonel Walter M. Higgins, Jr. was in attendance. Higgins' memo of the meeting, released under the JFK Act, includes the bullet point that Fitzgerald mentioned the CIA was studying the Valkyrie plot and adapting it to use against Castro. [14]

As Higgins wrote in his memo on FitzGerald’s briefing: “He commented that there was nothing new in the propaganda field. However, he felt that there had been great success in getting closer to the military personnel who might break with Castro, and stated that there were at least ten high-level military personnel who are talking with CIA but as yet are not talking to each other, since that degree of confidence has not yet developed. He considers it as a parallel in history; i.e., the plot to kill Hitler; and this plot is being studied in detail to develop an approach.”

September 23-25, 1963 was a busy time on the Devil's Chessboard as there were many moves by key players besides Ruth Paine moving Marina and the rifle to Texas, Oswald leaving for Mexico and Fitzgerald briefing the Joint Chiefs.

On September 23, JFK signed National Security Action Memo 261 approving "Project Four Leaves," assigning the "highest national priority category for development and production" a military communications "in response to a recommendation from the Secretary of Defense," an order that remains classified. [15]


JFK then he left September 25 on a "Conservation Tour" with his Secretary of Interior, the first stop in northeast Pennsylvania to visit Mary Pinchot Meyer's mother in Milford, Pennsylvania. Mary Pinchot had met JFK thru his schoolmate William Attwood, who would later become an intermediary between JFK and Castro. Mary had married Cord Meyer, an ex-Marine who founded the World Federalists – an international organization in support of a strong United Nations, one that included Philadelphia college student Priscilla Johnson, Michael's mom Ruth Forbes Paine Young and Walter Cronkite. Cord Meyer joined the CIA in 1951 and became one of Dulles' top assistants, replacing Tom Braden as chief of the International Organizations Division. [17]

While Mary Meyer had separated from Cord Meyer, she maintained her friendship with JFK and she accompanied him on the first leg of the Conservation Tour that took JFK to her mother's house in Pennsylvania. JFK then moved on to Wisconsin and the Mid-West during which the details of the president's November trip to Texas were officially announced to the press. [18]


When Oswald returned to Texas from Mexico in early October he stayed at the YMCA before taking out a room at the Beckley Street rooming house, at both places using the same O. H. Lee alias he used to sign in at the hotel in Mexico City.

By mid-October Ruth Paine had made a phone call and helped arrange for Oswald to get a job at the Texas School Book Depository, a building owned by D.H. Byrd, a founder of the Civil Air Patrol in Texas, an organization Oswald was affiliated with in New Orleans. Byrd was a Texas oil man who was on the board of directors of LTV and good friends with Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Curtis LeMay. [19]

At the time of the assassination, when Oswald was allegedly shooting at Kennedy from his building, Byrd was on an African Safari with a German Barron Werner von Alvensleben, who used a high powered Mannlicher rifle to hunt. [20]

His father was an assassination expert and an avid supporter of the Valkyrie plot. The father was sentenced to prison and concentration camps with those who were arrested for their participation in the plot. He also wrote a manifesto supporting the plot after it failed. [21]

So besides Volkmar Schmidt using the Valkyrie plot to instigate Oswald to shoot Walker, Michael Paine’s mother was a close personal friend of a key participant in the Valkyrie plot – Mary Bancroft, Allen Dulles’ mistress, the Joint Chiefs of Staff were briefed on the CIA’s adaption of the Valkyrie plot to use against Castro, and the owner of the TSBD building from which shots were fired was at the time on a safari in Africa with a German Barron who used a Mannlicher rifle to hunt with and was the son of an assassination expert who wrote a manifesto in support of the Valkyrie plot and served time in prison with some of its participants.


Based mainly on the Higgins Memo reference of the Desmond Fitzgerald briefing the JCS Washington attorney Jim Lesar, director of the Assassinations Archive and Research Center, filed a Freedom of Information Act request for the CIA documents related to the CIA study of the Valkyrie plot that was to be used against Castro. [22]

But we don’t have to wait until we get those records as we can see for ourselves from other records how the CIA tried to adapt the Valkyrie plan to be used against Castro, as they did try to recruit some disenchanted Cuban military officers who were close to Castro including Rolando Cubella (AMLASH) and Gen. Almeida, both of whom have been reviewed and analyzed elsewhere. [23]

Among the differences in the Valkyrie plan and the post-Mafia CIA plans to kill Castro we find that the idea of using a bomb was discarded in favor of a sniper attack on Castro while he was riding in an open Jeep, a common situation.

Other aspects of the Valkyrie plan that were adopted to be used against Castro, besides using the military, the murder of Castro and the takeover of the Cuban government in a coup was the control of the media and the Northwoods style psych-war media campaign to blame the assassination on communists. [24]

When news of the CIA's plans to kill Castro were made public it was at first suggested that Castro retaliated and killed JFK before the CIA could kill him, and some like John Rosselli even claimed that one of the teams sent in by the CIA by boat was captured by the Cubans and turned and sent back to kill JFK. [25]

But others like Bill Turner claim it was more likely that one of the CIA plans to kill Castro was redirected to kill JFK instead, and that’s what former CIA officer David Atlee Phillips privately surmised. [26]

If that was the case then it must have been a CIA plan that utilized a sniper attack on an open car motorcade, one of a number the CIA had on the shelf ready to go, waiting for the right situation to present itself.

Among the CIA plans to kill Castro that utilized snipers attacking an open car in a motorcade were the Hemingway House affair [27] - discussions after the fact, and the Pathfinder plan to shoot Castro when he visited a north shore resort he was known to frequent. [28]

Both required accurate high powered rifles with scopes, similar to the ones they offered to Cubela and attempted to infiltrate into Cuba on October 31, 1963 when the CIA raider ship The Rex deposited anti-Castro commandos with high powered rifles with scopes who were captured and paraded on Cuban TV the next day. The story made the front page of the November 1, 1963 New York Times, and the names of the captured commandos are mentioned in "Red Friday," the book written by Carlos Bringuier, the DRE Cuban Oswald was arrested with in New Orleans. [29]

One important aspect of the Valkyrie plan was a psych war operation to blame the assassination of Hitler on the SS and Gestapo, and monitor and control the media so "only the conspiracy speaks," just as the Dealey Plaza operation included blaming the assassination on Castro and a psych war campaign using CIA media assets that continues today.

Besides the assassination and psych-war aspects of the Valkyrie plot that could have been adapted to use against Castro and may have been redirected to JFK at Dealey Plaza, there was one other important part of the Valkyrie plan that could have been used - getting the victim to sign off on the operation.

Von Stauffenberg drew up the Valkyrie plan as a response to a possible revolt by slave laborers by mobilizing the home guard to quell the revolt and seize key government buildings and communications facilities.  Hitler approved and signed off on the plan without knowing the secret Phase that required his elimination. [30]

If this part of the Valkyrie plan was adapted for use against Castro it should be noted that the National Security Council and JFK did approve a number of violent covert operations against targets in Cuba, but JFK rejected the assassination plans. RFK however, did pressure Des Fitzgerald and others to step up their Cuban ops against Castro and RFK was personally introduced to some of the anti-Castro commandos who were being sent to Cuba to attack strategic installations and infiltrate rifle teams. [31]

The National Security Action memo authorizing a special military communications project Four Leaves could also be revealing once it is declassified.

The use of Phase One and Phase Two parts of the plan is another interesting parallel between Valkyrie and Dealey Plaza as they are the same terms used by Von Stauffenberg for Valkyrie and Peter Dale Scott to describe the official response to the assassination of JFK.

According to Scott's analysis the original Phase One is the disinformation cover story to blame the assassination of JFK on Castro, that could have instigated a full scale US military attack on Cuba, which was subsequently superseded by the Phase Two promotion of the deranged lone assassin being responsible for the act. [32]


As the CIA officer responsible for covert operations against Cuba, Des FitzGerald was the person who briefed the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the CIA's "detailed" study of the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler. FitzGerald was also the case officer for Rolando Cubela (AMLASH), one of the military officers they were recruiting to kill Castro. 

So it is interesting that FitzGerald, like the military officers in the fictional "Seven Days in May" used a bet and a gamble on the Preakness stakes as a way of communicating their willingness to go along with the coup plans. 

In “The Very Best Men” – Four Who Dared: The Early Years of the CIA" Evan Thomas writes: “….Halpern, FitzGerald’s assistant, regarded him (Cubela) as an assassin and claims that FitzGerald did as well.” 

Sam Halpern: “Des was really more interested in starting a coup, and he hoped that Cubela could organize other army officers. But in coups, he understood, people die. The way to start a coup is to knock off the top man. Des felt it was a long shot, but it might work. We were desperate. Des was willing to try anything.” 

Evan Thomas writes: “FitzGerald did not think it was such a long shot that he was unwilling to make a small bet, giving reasonable odds. Just six days before he formally signed off on a high-powered rifle for AMLASH (Cubela), he accepted a little wager from Michael Forrestal, an official on the National Security Council staff who was a member of the Georgetown crowd (his father, James V. Forrestal, had been the first secretary of defense). A memo in FitzGerald’s personal files records a $50 bet with Forrestal on ‘the fate of Fidel Castro during the period 1 August 1964 and 1 October 1964. (Apparently, Fitzgerald saw a window of vulnerability for the Cuban leader that was roughly coincidental with the 1964 U.S. presidential election campaign.)”

“Mr. Forrestal offers two-to-one odds ($100 to $50) against Fidel’s falling (or being pushed) between the dates 1 August and 1 October 1964. In the event that such a thing should occur prior to 1 August 1964 the wager herein cancelled. Mr. FitzGerald accepts the wager on the above terms.”

Memo is dated November 13, 1963, “One day after FitzGerald briefed Kennedy on the progress of the Cuban operation and one day before the Special Group approved his plan of continued covert operations against the Castro Regime.”

Thomas: “Nine days later the assassination of John F. Kennedy dramatically increased the odds that FitzGerald would lose his bet.”

According to Thomas, “On November 22, 1963, Des FitzGerald had just finished hosting a lunch for an old friend of the CIA, a foreign diplomat, at the City Tavern Club in Georgetown, when he was summoned from the private dining room by the maître d’. FitzGerald returned ‘as white as a host,’ recalled Sam Halpern. Normally erect and purposeful, FitzGerald was walking slowly, with his head down. ‘The President has been shot,’ he said.”

“The lunch immediately broke up. On the way out the door Halpern anxiously said, ‘I hope this has nothing to do with Cubans.’ FitzGerald mumbled, ‘Yea, well, we’ll see.’ In the fifteen minute car ride back to Langley, FitzGerald just stared straight ahead. He was well aware that in Paris, at almost the moment Kennedy was shot in Dallas, one of his case officers had been handing a poison pen to a Cuban agent to kill Castro. It was at the very least a grim coincidence. FitzGerald knew that, in September, Castro threatened to retaliate against attempts to kill him. ‘United States leaders should think that if they are aiding in terrorist plans to eliminate Cuban leaders, they themselves will not be safe,’ the Cuban leader had publicly declared.”

“The warning that Cubela might be a ‘dangle,’ that he might be secretly working for Castro, took on an ominous new meaning. Now FitzGerald had to wonder: Had Castro killed Kennedy before Kennedy could kill him?” [33]

Or, as WillIam Turner suggested, was one of the plans to kill Castro turned on Kennedy at Dealey Plaza?

In conclusion, if the CIA plans to kill Fidel Castro had anything to do with the assassination of JFK at Dealey Plaza then the CIA's detailed study and proposed adaption of the Valkyrie plot to be used against Castro is one that should be given close examination. 

Notes –  Valkyrie at Dealey Plaza Revisited - “The conspiracy alone must speak.”

1) Talbot, David. “The Devil’s Chessboard” (HarperCollins, 2015) Re: Valkyrie, p. 134. “Dulles arranged for Mary….to work with the tall, imperious double agent Hans Bernd Gisevious….(who) became involved in the July 20, 1944 bomb plot against Hitler, barely fleeing with is life to Switzerland when it failed.”

2) Kelly, William. Review of Devil’s Chessboard:  [   ]  

3) Shenon, Phil – “A Cruel and Shocking Act” (Picador, 2015)

4) Kelly, William. Review of Phil Shenon’s “Cruel and Shocking Act.” 

5) Kelly, William. January 1995 Telephone conversation with Volkmar Schmidt. Schmidt said that Dr. Wilhelm Keutemeyer of Heidelberg served as a foster father whose associates Frederick von Halen and Von Trott were directly involved in the Valkyrie plot. Schmidt: “….naturally it was a terrible responsibility, and for years when I drove past the underpass I literally had to cry because, you know. But I exonerate myself completely because I had the best intent, embarrassed Kennedy, and I certainly didn’t tell him to take a pot shot at him.”

6) Magnolia Oil. Jim Braden, who was arrested as a suspect at Dealey Plaza, and his associate Victor Pierre were evicted from Dallas by Sheriff Bill Decker and branded the “Honeymooners” for trying to swindle the heiress of a founder of Magnolia Oil. Volkmar Schmidt lived with two others who worked for Magnolia Oil, including the son of a Radio Free Europe administrator.

7)  Warren Report, p. 730. Ruth Paine drove Oswald’s family and belongings to New Orleans and back to Texas in late September. Also see Ruth Paine’s Summer Vacation report by Carol Hewett, Barbara Lamonica and Steve Jones, 1995 COPA Conference presentation.

8) Ford, Gerald, with John Stiles “Portrait of the Assassin” Re: Marina’s letter to Ruth Paine in care of Arthur Young, Paoli, Pa. (BK: This is the only published reference I know of that mentions this letter).

9) Cronkite, Walter. “North by Northwest” (Tabletop book) Also note that Woods Hole nautical acoustics lab was a very busy place on April 10, 1963 when Oswald was supposedly taking a shot at General Walker, the USS Thresher submarine went down. Later a group Justice for the Crew of the Thresher (JFCOTT) reportedly threatened JFK.

10) Young, Arthur. Inventor of the Bell Helicopter 47A.  (BK: I also have an extensive three hour tape recorded interview with Young from when I sat with him for hours in his library.)

11) Bancroft, Mary. “Autobiography of a Spy” (Wm. Morrow, 1983) p. 55, for Ruth Paine Forbes’ association with Mary Bancroft. (p. 202-240) for the roles Dulles, Bancroft and Gisevius played in the July 20, 1944 Valkyrie Plot to kill Hitler.

12)  Braden, Tom.  Talbot, David."Devil's Chessboard" (p. 369, p.547 JFK Library interview), p. 553 (Rockefeller financial support for covert ops). Bancroft, Mary. “Autobiography of a Spy” (Wm. Morrow, 1983)

13) Hewett, Lamonica, Barber. Ruth Paine’s Summer Vacation. – The Confessions of Ruth Paine- DPQ   / - RUTH

14) Higgins Memo:  - 13. "He commented that there was nothing new in the propaganda field. However, he felt that there had been great success in getting closer to the military personnel who might break with Castro, and stated that there were at least ten high-level military personnel who are talking with CIA but as yet are not talking to each other, since that degree of confidence has not yet developed. He considers it as a parallel in history; i.e., the plot to kill Hitler; and this plot is being studied in detail to develop an approach."

15) Four Leaves  - White House Diary - For Monday September 23 1963 – SUBJECT: Assignment of Highest National Security Priority to Project FOUR LEAVES. In response to a recommendation by the Secretary of Defense, the president, under the authority granted by the Defense Production Act of 1950, today established the program listed below as being in the highest national security priority category for development and production. “President Kennedy assigns the highest national security priority to Project FOUR LEAVES to develop and produce a military communications system.” FOUR LEAVES McGeorge Bundy THE WHITE HOUSE DIARY SEPTEMBER 23  1963 

17) Meyer, Cord. “Facing Reality: From World Federalism to the CIA.” Also see: [ ]

18) Texas Trip officially announced. “President Kennedy’s trip to Dallas was first announced to the public in September 1963.” – Associated Press Timeline.

20) Von Alvensleben, Werner. ‘‘Baron In Africa‘‘ - "Hunting history is rife with the tales of derring-do with 6.5mm cartridges. W.D.M. Bell whacked many elephants and Werner von Alvensleben slew hundreds of buffalo with what they termed a “small-bore rifle,” namely, the 6.5×54 Mannlicher-Schönauer." Read more:  
Dallas Morning News 1-9-64; 1-19-64; “Time Out From Safaris”
Also see: OSS X2 Report on Werner von Alvensleben (Code name DRAM - the father as assassination expert) [ ]

21) Metacas, Eric. "Bonhoeffer – Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy"(Thomas Nelson Pub. 2010 p. 502)

Among those there (in prison) were "....the nearly seventy year old Count Werner Von Alvensleben, who in 1934 had refused to take the infamous oath of allegiance to Hitler, and who had been persona non grata with the Nazis ever since." (p. 507) At Buchenwald "Count Von Alvensleben was in cell number four...was typical of many arrested after the July 20 plot in that he had done nothing more than be on friendly terms with some of the plotters. Thousands had been arrested for this crime. Anyone related by blood was guilty of Sippenhaft (liability of kin), whereby relatives of the accused were arrested and punished: wives, parents, and children too. Some small children were taken away from their parents, never to be seen again."

22) Lesar, Jim. AARC FOIA Request to CIA for records related to the study of the Hitler plot as mentioned in the Higgin’s report of Desmond FitzGerald’s briefing of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, September, 1963.

23) Waldron, Lamar. Series of books on JFK of how CIA plot to kill Castro was hijacked by mobsters – “Ultimate Sacrafice,” “Legacy of Secrecy” and “The Hidden History of the JFK Assassination.” Also note: “John Rosselli said it was also his theory that Castro was behind the assassination…He said he knew that a team had been sent to kill Castro, had been captured and tortured, and turned to kill Kennedy.” – Bayard Stockton in "Flawed Patriot – The Rise and Fall of CIA Legend Bill Harvey" (Potomac Books, 2006)

24) Psych War aspect to the plan. Dan Hardway: “You have to look at the JFK assassination as an operational plan….with disinformation. (If) the assassination was a mob hit, it wasn’t a mob hit like the ones they had done previously. They used a different MO in JFK, they used a patsy, and they used disinformation, both of these techniques they had learned from the Agency.”

Peter Dale Scott:  on Managed Oswald Stories: “In the days after the murders in Dallas, the U.S. Was flooded with dubious stories, most of them swiftly discredited, linking Oswald to either a Cuban or Soviet conspiracy. Those which most preoccupied the FBI and CIA all came out of Mexico. These stories exhibited certain common characteristics. 1. They all came from either directly from an intelligence source, or from someone in the hands of an intelligence agency. Nearly always the agency involved was the Mexican DFS or secret police. The DFS, along with the Nicaraguan intelligence service, which was also a source, were under CIA tutelage. 2. The Stories changed over time, to support either a pro-conspiratorial hypothesis (“Phase One”) or a rebuttal of this (“Phase Two”). 3. The Warren Commission was led to believe that the“Phase One”stories were without basis. In fact a number of unresolved anomalies suggest that behind them was some deeper truth, still not revealed. 4. As just noted, the two main sources, Silvia Duran and Gilberto Alvarado, gave varying stories while detained by the DFS. Of the two, Duran was actually tortured, and Alvarado reportedly threatened with torture… In retrospect, these stories should not have been taken seriously. In fact the CIA was able to rely on them, not as a source of truth, but as a source of coercive influence over the rest of the government. It will help us to understand what was going on if we refer to the stories, not as ‘information’ or even as ‘allegations,’ but as MANAGED STORIES."

25) The Rex. New York Times, November 1, 1963, page 1. [ ]

26) Phillips, David Atlee: “I was one of the two case officers who handled Lee Harvey Oswald. After working to establish his Marxist bona fides, we gave him the mission of killing Fidel Castro in Cuba. I helped him when he came to Mexico City to obtain a visa, and when he returned to Dallas to wait for it I saw him twice there. We rehearsed the plan many times: In Havana Oswald was to assassinate Castro with a sniper's rifle from the upper floor window of a building on the route where Castro often drove in an open jeep. Whether Oswald was a double-agent or a psycho I'm not sure, and I don't know why he killed Kennedy. But I do know he used precisely the plan we had devised against Castro. Thus the CIA did not anticipate the President's assassination but it was responsible for it. I share that guilt.” From unpublished novel.

27) Hemingway House; The Old Man and the CIA: A Kennedy Plot to Kill Castro? The Nation. [  ]

28) Pathfinder Documents. Dupont Estate. Re: Pathfinder records - ARRB interviews with NPIC employes stationed at JMWAVE, where the CIA officers kept the Pathfinder documents filed separately from regular station files by keeping them in the NPIC section. 

ARRB Memo: (a) A folder, stored in the Photo Interpretation...Area at JMWAVE contained materials related to a plan to assassinate Castro in the Bay of Pigs Resort area where he maintained a yacht and was known to vacation. The plan, possibly with the code word PATHFINDER...apparently had been disapproved and not under active consideration at the time. Our people did not participate actively in the plan in any regard. (b) While assigned to the Imagery Analysis Service, a number of our photo interpreters supported Carl Jenkins of the DD/P concerning a plan to assassinate Castro at the DuPont Veradero Estate, east of Havana. Castro was known to frequent the estate and the plan was to use a high powered rifle in the attempt. The photo interpreter support was restricted to providing annotated photographs and line drawings of the estate. To our knowledge this plan was never implemented

29) Bringuier, Carlos. "Red Friday" (C. Hallberg, 1969)

30) Forman, James. “Code Name Valkyrie – Count Von Staufenberg and the plot to kill Hitler,” who quotes Gisevius: “I just have the feeling we’l never succeed. I’m not speaing through fear. But I have a feeling very few of us will be alive this time next year, regardless of what happens with your bomb.”

31) Ayers, Bradley. “The War that Never Was” (Bobs-Merrell);“The Zenith Secret” (Vox Pop/Drench Kiss Media); [Excerpts: ]

32) Scott, Peter Dale. “Deep Politics” Series, the most recent being “Dallas ’63: The First Deep State Revolt Against the White House.” [ ]

33) Thomas, Evan. “The Very Best Men – Four Who Dared: The Early Years of the CIA"(Simon & Schuster, 1995 p. 303)
Valkyrie II at Dealy Plaza

As a research technique, while reading the HSCA volumes, I began opening files on subjects that came up repeatedly in diverse areas - more than twice - taking Ian Fleming's adage - "First time is happenstance, second time is coincidence, but a third time is enemy action."

That's how I got onto Collins Radio, Pan Am Bank of Miami, Southland Center, International Rescue Committee and now Valkyrie.

In the course of my research the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler has come up five times - in diverse areas and makes me think I may be on to something.

1) The first time the Valkyre plot came up was in a phone conversation I had with Volkmar Schmidt, who acknowledged that in his February 1963 conversation with Oswald at a party at his house, he mentioned the Valkyrie Plot and suggested to Oswald that General Walker should be assassinated as Hitler should have been. Schmidt said he personally knew some of the participants in the Valkyrie plot.

2) Then I read Mary Bancroft's "Autobiography of a Spy," in which she details her role in Valkyrie - assisting Dr. Hans Bernt Gisevius escape and then translating his memoirs.

3) In late September 1963 Ruth Hyde Paine visited her husband Michael's mother - Ruth Forbes Paine Young, who was Mary Bancroft's close friend and traveling companion to Europe. After leaving the Young's residence near Philadelphia Ruth Paine drove to New Orleans and picked up Marina and the rifle and drove them to Texas while Oswald went to Mexico.

4) On the same day Oswald left New Orleans for Mexico, the CIA's Desmond Fitzgerald briefed the Joint Chiefs of Staff - Gen. LeMay presiding - on covert ops against Cuba that needed military assistance - including a plan to adapt the Valkyrie Plot to use against Castro.

(See Higgins Memo - )

5) The 11/22/63 alibi for the owner of the TSBD - D. H. Byrd was that he was on a hunting safari in Africa with a German "Baron" whose father was reported by OSS X-2 to possibly be an "assassination expert" and after World War II lived with one of the ministers selected for the new government after Hitler's overthrow and was a valuable double agent for OSS in Africa who co-authored a manifesto in support of the Valkyrie plotters.

Now my threshold for bingo was three but here we have five separate cases where the Valkyrie plot to kill Hitler comes up in the course of events surrounding the assassination of JFK.

Also see:

Now these are not six degrees of separation- they are two degrees - and they are not happenstance or coincidence - but clearly enemy action.

Now I just got James Forman's book "Code Name Valkyrie - Count Von Stauffenberg and the plot to kill Hitler"

"The plan had a code name Valkyrie, and it would be developed at two levels with two sets of orders. Officially Valkyrie was a scheme to activate units of the Home Army to seize population centers in case of a rebellion by the foreign slave laborer sin Germany. Behind this facade the plan was to evolve into a complete takeover of the government by the Army.

"Phase One - plan for mobilizing the Reserve Army. Purpose: to crush mutiny of slave laborers.

This part of the plan was submitted through channels and approved by Hitler himself.

"Phase Two - the second, secret plan: Item 1- Disposal of Hitler. Item 2 - Preparation of orders upon Hitler's death...Direct the Reserve Army to undertake the following - Occupy first the city of Berlin...Principle objectives: Imprisonment of key Nazi and SS officials, occupation of vital government buildings, railroad stations and other government centers, especially broadcast stations. Immediate command of the mass media, newspapers, wireless radio - cannot be over stressed. The conspiracy alone must speak. Orders from Hitler's East Prussian HQ must be entirely isolated and contained."

"The conspiracy alone must speak."

Another twist to the Valkyrie plan was a Psychwar aspect to blame the assassination of Hitler on the Gestapo and SS as an excuse to round them up.

Forman says that while Dulles agent Gisevius  supported the coup he was against the bomb plot. He told Von Stauffenberg "I just I have the feeling we'll never succeed. I'm not speaking through fear. But I have a feeling very few of us will be alive this time next year, regardless of what happens with your bomb."

And he was right.

But the adaption of Valkyrie as carried out at Dealey Plaza succeeded.