Thursday, June 14, 2012

Glossary, Intelligence Terms, Acronyms & Operational Crypts

Glossary & Intelligence Terminology, Acronyms & Operational Crypts

Dealey Plaza Mossaic 

There are many ways to look at the assassination of President Kennedy – as an unsolved homicide, as an historic event, as a random act of a demented loner or as a covert intelligence operation.

The late Professor Phil Melanson wrote an important article “Dallas Mosaic” and Peter Janney’s new book “Mary’s Mosaic” explores the relationship between the assassination of the president and the murder of his paramour Mary Pinchot Meyer, and the word Mosaic seems to work.

A mosaic is a pattern or picture put together from small pieces of different colored broken glass or stone, which seems like what we have to work with.

If you look at the assassination as a giant mural of Dealey Plaza, we pretty much have a complete picture of what was there at the time, and there are only a few missing pieces to the puzzle, so we can surmise what’s there.

Some look at the assassination as a chess game, assigning rank and power to different characters – Bishops and Knights, like David Atlee Phillips and E. Howard Hunt, and Oswald, the accused assassin, is always a Pawn in every game, yet manages to get close enough to kill the King, or at least take the rap for or given the credit for killing the King.

The British developed the Modus Operandi – method of detecting criminals from the patterns in their crimes, and whatever you believe happened at Dealey Plaza, there’s no mistaking that the key characters clearly fit the profile of covert operators and there are all the elements of a covert intelligence operation, one that was specifically designed to protect those who were actually responsible for the murder.

The idea that Castro was behind Oswald was built into the plan as part of the cover-story, one that was originally discarded by LBJ and the Lone Nut scenario adopted in its place, but after that too can be shown to be untrue, the Mafia, the CIA and big oil men are all lined up like layers of an onion, that protects the killers as the core another analogy that seems to work.

Because of the clandestine and covert nature of the work, some say it is like going through the Looking Glass, as Alice does, and then goes down the rabbit’s hole, and isn’t it ironic that Lee Harvey Oswald’s nickname in the Marines was “Ozzie Rabbit,” and he was just a Patsy we were sent after?

It’s the Great Game – the Greatest Game of espionage, and one that hasn’t changed much since the days of Sun Tzu, when inside, native, double and expendable agents were used.

It’s not easily understandable but for those who want to learn what really happened at Dealey Plaza it is necessary to learn the lingo before venturing through the Looking Glass and heading into the Rabbit’s Hole.

Towards that end I have compiled a makeshift and expanding Glossary, beginning with Peter Dale’s definitions of words that he found best to describe what can be found in Deep Politics when one ventures from the Overworld and into the Underworld, where all the action is.

Links and Additional Footnotes (indicated with captial letters) provided by David Ratcliffe -

Glossary of Open Politics from The Road to 9/11: Wealth, Empire, and the Future of America by Peter Dale Scott, (University of California Press in Berkeley, 2007, pp. 267-271)

Archival history  A chronological record of events, as reconstructed by archival historians from public records; as opposed to deep history, which is a chronology of events concerning which the public records are often either falsified or nonexistent.

Cabal -  A network, often of cliques, operating within or across a broad social and bureaucratic base with an agenda not widely known or shared. According to many dictionary definitions, a cabal is a group of persons secretly united to bring about a change or overthrow of government. But in the deep state cabals can also operate within the status quo to sustain top-down rule, including interventions from the overworld.

Clique - A small group of like-minded people, operating independently within a larger social organization. Before the Iraq war the neocons in the Bush administration represented a clique; the faction preparing secretly for war (which included both neocons and veterans of the international petroleum industry, like Dick Cheney and Condoleezza Rice) represented a larger and more widespread cabal.

Closed power, or Top-Down Power derived from the overworld, as opposed to democratically responsive open power. See power.

Continuity of government (COG) A term of art for secret arrangements for command and control in the event of an emergency.

Deep politics  All those political practices and arrangements, deliberate or not, that are usually repressed in public discourse rather than acknowledged.

Deep State A term from Turkey, [A] where it is used to refer to a closed network said to be more powerful than the public state. The deep state engages in false-flag violence, is organized by the military and intelligence apparatus, and involves their links to organized crime.

Dual state A state in which one can distinguish between a public state and a top-down deep state. Most developed states exhibit this duality but to varying degrees. In America the duality of the state has become more and more acute since World War II.

Globalization The trend toward a more unified world at two levels: (1) top-down globalization, a system imposed from above on peoples and cultures; and (2) bottom-up globalization, a geographic expansion of people-to-people contacts producing a more international civil society and community. Top-down globalization, if not balanced by bottom-up globalization, will result in increasing polarization.

Islamism A political Muslim movement with origins in the late nineteenth century, dedicated to jihad, or struggle for the political unification and purification of Islam. Indian subcontinent.

Meta-group A private group collaborating with and capable of modifying governmental policy, particularly (but not exclusively) with respect to the international drug traffic.

Milieu A location (not necessarily geographical) where private deals can be made. Relatively unimportant to proceedings and institutions of the public state, restricted milieus are of greater relevance to operations of the deep state.

Open Power, public, cooperative, or participatory power.  

Order There are two clusters of dictionary definitions of order, both relevant: (1)top-down or coercive order, meaning “a command or direction” (or their results); and (2) public or participatory order, meaning “a condition of arrangement among component parts, such that proper functioning or appearance is achieved.”

Overworld  That realm of wealthy or privileged society that, although not formally authorized or institutionalized, is the scene of successful influence of government by private power. It includes both (1) those whose influence is through their wealth, administered personally or more typically through tax-free foundations and their sponsored projects, and (2) the first group's representatives. The term should be distinguished from Frederick Lundberg's “superrich,” the sixty wealthiest families that he wrongly predicted in his 1967 book Sixty Familieswould continue to dominate America both as a class and as a “government of money.” The recent Forbes annual lists of the four hundred richest Americans shows that Lundberg's prediction was wrong on both counts: his richest inheritors of 1967 are mostly not the richest today, and today's richest are not necessarily those projecting their wealth into political power. The overworld is not a class but a category.
        As a rule it is wrong to think of overworld influence institutionally, as exercised through the Bilderberg Society, the Trilateral Commission, or the Council on Foreign Relations. However, there are less known, usually secret, cabals (such as the Pinay Circle[B] and the Safari Club[C]) that flourish in these overworld milieus.

Parallel Government (or shadow government)  A second government established in times of crisis to override or even replace the official government of the public state.

Paranoia The irrational drive toward dominance that is motivated not by rational self-interest but by fear of being surpassed by a competitor. A paradox of civilization is that, as relative power increases (along with expansion and exposure), so does paranoia. The dominance over the public state by the deep state is based on (and also generates) paranoia. The paradox that power increases paranoia is seen within states as well as between them. It is not restricted to so-called totalitarian states.

Paranoia, bureaucratic The dominance of bureaucratic policy planning by worst-case scenarios, calling for maximized bureaucratic responses and budgets. This leads to the paranoid style in bureaucratic politics.

Parapolitics This term has two definitions: (1) “a system or practice of politics in which accountability is consciously diminished,”[1] and (2) the intellectual study of parapolitical interactions between public states and other forms of organized nonviolence (or parastates): covert agencies, mafias, and so on.[2]

Parastates Structurally organized violence (in the form of covert agencies, mafias, revolutionary movements, and so on) with some but not all the recognizable features of a state.

Power There are two definitions of power, both relevant: (1) top-down,coercive, or closed power, meaning “the ability or official capacity to exercise control; authority”; and (2) public, cooperative, or open power, meaning “the might of a nation, political organization, or similar group.” This notion of dual power is reflected in Gandhi’s distinction between duragraha (“obtained by the fear of punishment”) and satyagraha (obtained “by acts of love”).[3] Jonathan Schell paraphrases this as the distinction between coercive and cooperative power: “Power is cooperative when it springs from action in concert of people who willingly agree with one another and is coercive when it springs from the threat or use of force. Both kinds of power are real. . . . Yet the two are antithetical.”[4 ] This antithesis is embodied in the tension in the dual state between the deep state and the public state. The tension between top-down and public power exists to some degree in all developed states. It becomes more acute with increased income disparity: polarization of wealth or economic power is inevitably accompanied by polarization of political power. [D]

Prevailable Will of the people. That potential for solidarity that, instead of being checked by top-down repression, can actually be awakened and reinforced by it. It thus becomes the emerging sanction for a generally accepted social or political change. The more common term “will of the people,” a refurbishing of Rousseau's “general will,” is often invoked as the ultimate sanction of a generally accepted decision. However, even if not a total abstraction, the term has little or no meaning at the time of a major controversy; the “public will” must be established by events, not passively defined in advance of them. The “will of the majority” is an even more dangerous phrase; the opinions of majorities are often superficial and fickle, and destined not to prevail. (The Vietnam and Iraq wars are examples where the momentary will of the majority proved not to be the prevailable will.) The prevailable will can be said to be latent in a political crisis but not established or proven until its outcome. In the case of abolishing slavery in America, for example, the resolution took many decades, but it is hard to imagine any other prevailable outcome.

Realism There are two prevailing and conflicting notions of political realism: (1) realpolitik, defined as “a usually expansionist national policy, having as its sole principle the advancement of the national interest”; and (2) what I call visionary realism, a vision of a public order conforming to the prevailable will of the people. I consider the latter more realistic than the former, because it can see more clearly the dialectical consequences of expansion and overstretch.

Second-level Strategy. A strategy of first strengthening civil society as a condition for social change.

Soft Power versus open power  Soft power, as defined by Joseph Nye, works (in distinction to military and economic superiority) by persuasion; it is an “ability . . . that shapes the preferences of others” that “tends to be associated with intangible power resources such as an attractive culture, ideology, and institutions.”[5] Soft power or soft politics puts more emphasis on the persuasive technique; open power or open politics, on a participatory process or result.

State. There are two definitions, both relevant, both deriving ultimately from Machiavelli. What is being discussed here are dictionary definitions, which I culled and combined from a number of dictionaries: (1) a system of organized power controlling a society; and (2) a politically organized body of people under a single government. These correspond to two overlapping systems of statal institutions: the deep state (or security state) and the public state. The second interacts with and is responsive to civil society, especially in a democracy; the first is immune to shifts in public opinion.
        Thus the deep state is expanded by covert operations; the public state is reduced by them. Following the same distinction as Hans Morgenthau in his discussion of the dual state, Ola Tunander talks of a “democratic state” and a “security state.” His definitions focus more on the respective institutions of thedual state; mine, on their social grounding and relationship to the power of the overworld.
        Deep state and security state are not quite identical. By the deep state I mean agencies like CIA, with little or no significant public constituency outside of

Government. By the security state, I mean above all the military, an organization large enough to have a limited constituency and even in certain regions to constitute an element of local civil society. The two respond to different segments of the overworld and thus sometimes compete with each other.

GLOSSARY of Intelligence Terminology

Agent – An individual who acts under the direction of an intelligence agency or security service to obtain, or assist in obtaining information for intelligence or counter-intelligence purposes.
Agent of Influence – An individual who can be used to covertly influence foreign officials, opinion molders, organization or pressure groups in a way that will generally advance objectives, or to undertake specific action in support of objectives.
Agent Provocateur – An agent employed to stir up trouble, create chaos and generally make mischief (primarily in the opposition camp).
Analysis – A stage in the intelligence processing cycle when collected information is reviewed to identify significant facts; the information is compared with and collated with other data, and conclusions, which also incorporates the memory and judgment of the intelligence analyst.
Asset – Any resource – a person, group, relationship, instrument, installation or supply at the disposition of an intelligence agency for use in an operational or support role. The term is normally applied to a person who is contributing to a clandestine mission, but is not a fully controlled agent.
Assessment – Part of the intelligence process whereby an analyst determines the reliability or validity of a piece of information. An assessment could also be a statement resulting from this process.
Backstopping – A team for providing appropriate verification and support of cover arrangements for an agent or asset in anticipation of inquiries or other actions which might test the credibility of his or its cover.
Basic Intelligence – Factual, fundamental and generally permanent information about all aspects of a nation, - physical, social, economic, political, biographical and cultural, which is used as a base for intelligence products in support of planning, policy making and military and covert operations.
Bigot List – A restrictive list of person who have access to a particular and highly sensitive class of information.
Biographical Leverage – Blackmail
Biological Agent – A micro-organism which causes disease in humans, plants or animals or causes deterioration of material.
Biological Operation – Employment of biological agents to produce casualties in humans or animals, and damage to plants or material; or a defense against such an attack.
Black – A term use to indicate reliance on illegal concealment of an activity rather than a cover.
Black Bag Job – Warrant less surreptitious entry, especially an entry conducted for purposes other than microphone installation, such as physical search and seizure or photographing documents.
Black List – A counter-intelligence listing of actual or potential hostile collaborators, sympathizers, intelligence suspects.
Black Propaganda – Propaganda that purports to emanate from a source other than the true one.
Blow – To blow the cover, expose, often unintentionally, personnel, installations, or other elements of a clandestine activity or organization.
Bug – A concealed listening device or microphone, or other audio surveillance device; also, to install the means for audio surveillance of a target.
C – The initial denotes the chief or head of the British Secret Service
Case – An intelligence operation in its entirety; the term also refers to a record of the development of an intelligence operation, how it will operate, and the objectives of the operation.
Case Officer – A staff employee responsible for handling agents.
Chemical Agents – A chemical compound which, when disseminated, causes incapacitating, lethal or damaging effects on humans, animals, plants or materials.
Chemical Operations – Using chemical agents – excluding riot control, to kill or incapacitate for a significant period.
Cipher – Any cryptographic system in which arbitrary symbols or groups of symbols represent units of plain text.
Clandestine Intelligence – Intelligence information collected by clandestine sources.
Clandestine Operations – Intelligence, counter-intelligence, or other information collection activities and covert political, economic, propaganda or paramilitary activities, conducted so as to assure the secrecy of the operations.
Code – A system of communication in which arbitrary groups of symbols represent units of plain text.
Code Word – A word which has been assigned a classification and a classified meaning to safeguard intentions and information regarding a planned operation.
Collation – The assembly of facts to determine the relationship among them in order to derive intelligence and facilitate further processing of intelligence information.
Collection – The acquisition of information by any means and its delivery to the proper intelligence processing unit for use in the production of intelligence.
Communications – A method or means of conveying information from one person or place to another, not including direct unassisted conversation or correspondence.
COMIT- Communications Intelligence – Technical and intelligence information derived from communications by someone other than the intended recipient, not including the press, propaganda or broadcasts.
Company – Nickname for the CIA.
Compartmentation – The practice of establishing special channels for handling sensitive intelligence information, limited to individuals with a special need for that information.
Concealment – A provision of protection from observation only.
Confusion Agent – An individual dispatched by his sponsor to confound the intelligence or counter-intelligence apparatus of the opposition, rather than to collect or transmit information.
Control – Physical or psychological pressure exerted on an agent or group to ensure that the agent or group responds to the direction of Case Officer, intelligence agency or service.
Counterespionage – Aggressive operations against another intelligence service to reduce its effectiveness or to detect and neutralize espionage.
Counterinsurgency – Military, paramilitary, political, economic, psychological and civic action taken by a government to defeat subversive insurgency within a country.
Counterspy – An agent put into place where he can betray or mislead the opposition.
Courier – A messenger responsible for the secure physical transmission and delivery of documents and material.
Cousins – British SIS nickname for the CIA.
Cover – A protective guise used by a person, organization or installation to prevent identification with clandestine activities and to conceal the true affiliation of personnel and true sponsorship of activities.
Covert Action – Any clandestine activity designed to influence governments, events, organizations, or persons, including political and economic action, propaganda and paramilitary activity.
Covert Operations – Operations planned and executed against governments, installations, and individuals so as to conceal the identity of the sponsor or else to permit the sponsor’s plausible denial of the operation. They differ from clandestine operations in that emphasis is placed on concealment of identity of sponsor rather than on concealment of the operation. 
Critical Intelligence – Information of such urgent importance that it is transmitted at the highest priority to the President and other decision makers before passing through regular evaluation channels.
Cryptanalysis – The breaking of codes and ciphers into plain text without initial knowledge of the key employed in the encryption.
Cryptography – The enciphering of plain text so that it will be unintelligible to an unauthorized recipient.
Current Intelligence – Summaries and analysis of recent events.
Cut-Out – A person who is used to conceal contact between members of a clandestine activity or organization.
Deception – Measures designed to mislead a person or entity by manipulating, distorting or falsifying evidence to induce a reaction.
Decrypt – To convert encrypted text into plain text.
Defector – A person who for political or other reasons, has repudiated his country and may be in possession of information of interest.
Directive – Basically any executive branch communication which initiates or governs departmental or agency action, conduct or procedure.
Dirty Tricks – Covert and Clandestine operations used in U.S. politics.
Disinformation – Deliberately placed information, often inaccurate, used to counteract or support a covert intelligence operation.
Dissemination – The distribution of information or intelligence products (in oral, written or graphic form) to departmental or agency intelligence consumers.
Double-Agent – A person engaged in clandestine activity for two or more intelligence or security services who provides information to one service about the other, or about each service to the other, who is wittingly or unwittingly manipulated by one service against the other.
ELINTElectronic Intelligence – Technical and intelligence information derived from the collection (or interception) and processing of electromagnetic radiations (noncommuncations) emanating from sources such as radar.
Expendable Agent – One that can be used and given up to the enemy or killed.
Fluttered – To be examined by a polygraph lie-detector
Great Game – A person who works in intelligence is said to be “in the game.”
Illegals – Espionage agents sent under false passports into foreign countries and not associated with the official embassy operations.
Legend – The false biography of an agent to provide cover.
Measles – A murder carried out so efficiently that death appears to be accidental or due to natural causes.
MI5 – British Counter-Intelligence Service.
MI6 – British Secret Service, operating mainly overseas, with HQ at Century House, London.
MI8US cryptographic service established after WWI by Herbert O. Yardley, precursor of the NSA.
MI9 – WWII organization established to set up escape routes for Allied prisoners of war.
Mole – An agent ordered to infiltrate the opposition services in order to send back information.
Music Box – Wireless radio transmitter
Naked – Operating without assistance
Neighbor -  Another branch of the same intelligence service.
One Man Bay of Pigs – A phase used to describe an incompetent agent who has made a hash of things.
Orchestra – A network of spies operating together, unknown to each other, but controlled by the same operator.
Pavement Artist – Surveillance team.
Plumbing – The work undertaken to prepare for a major operation.
Propaganda – Any communications supporting objectives which are designed to influence opinions, emotions, attitudes or behavior of any group.
Proprietaries – A term used to designate ostensibly private commercial entities capable of doing business which are established and controlled by intelligence services to conceal their affiliations in support of clandestine operations.
Psychological Warfare – The planned use of propaganda and other actions to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes and behavior of groups so as to support the achievements of policy objectives.
Reconnaissance – A mission undertaken to obtain information by observation or other detection methods.
Requirement – A general or specific request for intelligence information.
Resident Director – Head of the Russian Secret Service network.
Safe House – Secure place for meetings and living during operations.
Sanction – Intelligence agency approval for killing of agents.
Sanitize – The deletion or revision of report or document so as to prevent identification of the intelligence sources and methods.
Security Measure – Special action taken to protect information or personnel.
Sensitive – Something which requires special protection from disclosure.
Sheep Dipping – The use of a military instrument or officer in a civilian capacity and cover.
Signals – As applied to electronics, any transmitted electronic impulse.
SIGNIT – Signals Intelligence – Interception, processing, analysis, and dissemination of information derived from foreign electrical communications. It is composed of three elements – COMIT, ELINT and TELINT.
Sleeper – A deep-cover agent planted in opposition territory with orders to lie low and work up contacts over a period of years before being introduced into the network.
Source – A person, thing or activity which provides intelligence information.
Special Projects – Nickname for covert and clandestine operations.
Stroller – A walking pedestrian equipped with walkie-talkie radio.
Sterilize – To remove from material to be used in covert and clandestine operations, any marks or devices which can identify it as originating with the sponsoring organization.
Strategic Intelligence – Intelligence required for the formation of policy and military plans and operations at the national and international level.
Subversion – Actions designed to undermine the military, economic, political, psychological or moral strength of a nation.
Surreptitious Entry – Black Bag Operation, breaking and entering to obtain information.
Surveillance - Systematic observation of a target.
Tactical Intelligence – Intelligence supporting plans and operations at the unit level.
Target – A person, agency, facility, area or country against which intelligence operations are directed.
Toxin – Chemicals which are not living organisms, but which are produced by living organism that are lethal.
Traffic – Messages carried over a telecommunications network.
UNSUB – Unknown Subject
Walk-In – An agent who volunteers or offers his services.
Watch List – A list of words, names, entities or phrases that can be employed by computer, passenger manifests or boarder guards to select out required information from a mass of data.
XX Committee – the Double-Cross Committee set up during World War II to control and exploit double and turned Nazi agents in Britain.

FBI GLOSSARY  By M. Wesley Swearington

ADD – Associate Deputy Director
ADDIC – Assistant Director in Charge
AG – Attorney General of the USA
AIRTEL – A written memorandum between FBI field offices or Bureau headquarters. It is a 1950s acronym for a memo sent via air mail in teletype format. Over the years it became bastardized into the usual verbose bureaucratic memo as opposed to the short and abrupt teletype format. The AIRTEL was originally created to save money; however, it still requires the immediate handling of investigative leads and the immediate distribution by the clerical staff to the intended receiver.
Apalachin – The turning point in the FBI’s investigation of the American Mafia. The largest ever known meeting of mobsters took place in 1957 in Apalachin, New York, which was discovered accidently by a New York State Trooper. This huge discovery embarrassed Hover’s FBI into fully investigating organized crime.
ASAC – Assistant Special Agent in Charge of an FBI Field Office.
AUSA – Assistant United States Attorney.
Black Bag Job- The FBI’s term for an illegal search. The term originated from the use of a black leather bag to carry lock picking tools, cameras, steamers, letter openers, flashlights, and other equipment to conduct an illegal search after picking a lock.
Brick Agent – Agents who work in the field offices conducting investigations.
Bureau – The term used by FBI Field Agents when referring to FBI headquarters in Washington , D.C., also known as FBIHQ
Bug – A hidden microphone placed in an office or private residence, which is different from a wire tap on a telephone, often done without a court order or Attorney General approval making the information inadmissible in court.
C-1 –The FBI’s Criminal Squad Number One in Chicago, which handled the investigation of organized crime, also known as the Top Hoodlum Program (THP) squad.
CIA “asset” – An informant, a source, or assassin used by the CIA, but is not a government employee.
“Chop” – To kill.
“Clip” – To murder gangland style.
COINTELPRO – The FBI’s code word for the counter-intelligence program, which was in operation from the mid-1950s until April 21, 1971. COINTELPRO continued under individual case titles.
Consiglieri – A highly placed advisor or counselor in an organized crime family.
DAD – Deputy Associate Director.
DCOS – Deputy Chief of Station 
“Dry Clean” – To take evasive action to detect a physical surveillance.
“ELSUR” – The FBI’s code word for electronic surveillance in the form of a bug or wiretap.
FBIHQ – FBI Headquarters in Washington, D.C.
“FISUR” – The FBI’s code word for physical surveillance.
“Hit” – To kill.
“Honey Trap” – Using a women to blackmail 
La Cosa Nostra (LCN) – La Cosa Nostra was the term given to organized crime families by law enforcement.
“Made Guy” – An actual member of the Chicago’s LCN mob family.
“marked card” – “canary trap” (Tom Clancy Patriot Games0 “barium meal” (Peter Wright, Spycather)  was a practice in intelligence circles of slightly altering items in Oswald's biography and using these items as "marked cards" as they passed information back and forth with each other. If an unauthorized person had access to a particular spelling of a name, for example, that "marked card" indicated that there had been a leak. A leaker might be a defector. 
“MO” – The FBI’s bug placed in Sam Giancana’s office in Chicago.
SAC – Special Agent in Charge of a field office.
“Rub Out” – To kill
Tap – A wire tap usually placed on a telephone through the telephone company with a court order, or with the approval of the Attorney General.
THP – Top Hoodlum Program.
“Whack” – To kill.


ABC – American Broadcasting Corporation
ACLU – American Civil Liberties Union
AF1 – Air Force One
AFOSI – Air Force Office of Special Investigations
AFSC – Armed Forces Security Agency
AID – Agency for International Development
AIM – Accuracy In Media
AKA – Also Known As
AMBOT - Cuban Case Officers/Reports?
AP – Associated Press
API - Aerospace Industries Association 
BNDD – Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs
BNE – Board of National Estimates
BNNMC – Bethesda National Naval Medical Center, Maryland.
BTW – By The Way
CAC - Caribbean Action Center - Debriefed refugees 
CAP – Civil Air Patrol
CAR – Cuban Aid Relief
CBS – Columbia Broadcastings System
CDIP – Consolidated Defense Intelligence Budget
CFI – Committee on Foreign Intelligence
CFR - Council on Foreign Relations 
CIA – Central Intelligence Agency
CI – Counter-Intelligence
CIC - Counterintelligence Corps (USA) 
CIG – Central Intelligence Group (1946-47 predecessor of CIA)
CIS – Counter-Intelligence Staff (CIA)
CJCS – US Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (US DOD)
CNN – US Cable News Network
COINTELPRO – FBI counter-intelligence program directed at US domestic activities.
COMINT – Communications Intelligence – Technical and intelligence information derived from communications by someone other than the intended recipient, not including press, propaganda or public broadcasts.
COMIREX – Committee on Imagery Requirements and Exploitation, established in 1967 to succeed COMOR as the USIB subcommittee responsible for management and collection planning for U2 and satellite reconnaissance.
COMOR – Committee on Overhead Reconnaissance, a USIB subcommittee established in 1960 to coordinate intelligence collection requirements among the Departments for the development and operation of all overhead reconnaissance systems.
COMPADRE – A CIA operation in the Philippines.
COMSEC – Communications Security
CONDOR – A CIA operation to replace the government in Chile
CONUS – Continental United States – U.S. territory, including adjacent territorial waters located within the North American continent between Canada and Mexico.
COS – Chief of Station, CIA, FBI or Secret Service in different cities.
CRC – Cuban Revolutionary Council – CIA Cuban group established to replace the government of Cuba after the overthrow of Castro.
CREEP – Committee to Re-Elect the President (Nixon) 
CRF - Cuban Revolutionary Front
CSS – Central Security Service
CSIS – Canadian Security Intelligence Service.
CUI - Controlled Unclassified Information Office of ISSO 
DAS – Defense Attache System
DCI – Director Central Intelligence (CIA)
DCID – Director of Central Intelligence Directive – A directive issued by the DCI which outlines general policies and procedures to be followed by the intelligence community, more specific than a NSID.
DCS – Domestic Contact Service – A component of CIA CIG, responsible for domestic sources for foreign intelligence information, renamed Domestic Contacts Division in 1951, became component of DDI in 1952, renamed DCS in 1965; transferred to DDO in 1973 and renamed Domestic Collection Division (DCD).
DDA – CIA Directorate of Administration, established in 1950, responsible for personnel, budget, security, medical services and logistical support for overseas operations.
DDCI – Deputy Director, Central Intelligence – Second person in line of CIA command.
DDI – Directorate of Intelligence – CIA, created in 1952, responsible for production of finished intelligence (excluding scientific and technical intelligence since 1963)and for collection of overt information.
DDO – Deputy Director of Operations or Directorate of Operations, CIA.
DDP – Directorate of Plans, created in 1952 from the integration of OSO and OPC, also known as the “Clandestine Service,” responsible for clandestine collection.
DDR – Directorate of Research, created in 1962, predecessor to the Directorate of Science and Technology.
DDS – Deputy Director for Support, CIA
DDS&T – Directorate for Science and Technology, organized in 1963, combining OSI, the Data Processing staff, the Office of ELINT, the DPD and Office of Research and Development.
DEA – Drug Enforcement Administration
DEFCON – Defense Condition 1 – 5 Military Alert status and posture at any given time.
DGI – Direccion General de Intelligenca – Cuba’s Secret Service
DGSE – Direccion General de Securite Exterieure – French Secret Service
DIA – Defense Intelligence Agency – created by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1961, responsible for production of military intelligence.
DINA – Chilean Secret Police
DIOP – Defense Intelligence Objectives and Priorities.
DIRDIA – Director Defense Intelligence Agency
DIS – Defense Investigative Services
DISCOVERER – First recon satellite, launched by Lockheed in Calf. In Aug. 1960.
DISIP – Venezuelan Intelligence Service.
Division Five – FBI Counter-Intelligence
DKIQs  - Defense Key Intelligence Questions
DMA – Defense Mapping Agency
DNC – Democratic National Committee
DOD – Department of Defense
DOE – Department of Energy
DO J – Department of Justice
DPC- Dallas Petroleum Club 
DPD – Dallas Police Department (Texas)
DRE – Directoate Estudente Revolution – Anti-Bastista, Anti-Castro Cuban group.
ELINT – Electronic Intelligence – Technical and intelligence information derived from the collection or interception and processing of electromagnetic radiations (non-communications) emanting from sources such as radar.
EXCOM – Executive Committee established in 1965 for the management of overhead reconnaissance for CIA and DOD.
FBI – Federal Bureau of Investigation
FFCGIJP – Fund For Constitutional Government Investigative Journalism Project (DC)
FOIA – Freedom of Information Act.
FOIA/PA – Freedom of Information Act/ Privacy Act
FPCC – Fair Play for Cuba Committee
FSO – Foreign Service Officer
FYDP – Fiscal Year Defense Plan
GAO – General Accounting Office
GCCS – Global Command and Control Stations 
GRU – Soviet Military Intelligence Service
GSA – General Services Administration.
HUMINT – Human Intelligence
HUAC – House Unamerican Activities Commiteee
HSCA – House Select Committee on Assinations.
IAB – Intelligence Advisory Board to DCI.
IBM – International Business Machines
IDC – Interagency Defector Committee - 
INB – State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research
INCA – Information Council of the Americas
INS – US Immigration Nationalization Service
INSCOM – US Army Intelligence & Security Command, Fort Meade, Maryland.
IRR – Investigative Record Repository, Fort Meade, Md.
IRS – Internal Revenue Service
ISA – International Security Affairs DOD
ISCAP - Interagency Security Classification Appeals Panel
ISSO - Information Security Oversight Office 
ITM – International Trade Mart (New Orleans)
J-2 – Joint Staff for Intelligence DOD
JAG – Judge Advocate General USN - 
JAG – Joint Analysis Group established in 1962 to provide regular assessments of Soviet and Chinese military strengths.
JCS – Joint Chiefs of Staff
JEDBURGH – Scotland, OSS-OSO training base during WWII and name given to commando teams parachuted into Nazi occupied Europe before D-Day.
JFK Act – John F. Kennedy Records Act of 1992 established the JFK Assassination Records Collection at the NARA and the temporary Assassination Records Review Board.
JFK ARC – JFK Assassination Records Collection at Archives II, College Park, Md.
JFK Library – Presidential Library, Boston, Mass.
JMWAVE – CIA Cuban operations base at University of Miami, Florida.
JRCJoint Reconnaissance Center
JURE – Anti-Castro Cuban group.
KGB – Soviet National Intelligence Service.
KYP – Greek Intelligence Service
LAN – Local Area Networks 
LBJ Library – President LBJ Library, Austin, Texas.
LI – CIA LI crypts refer to Mexico City CIA station.
LSU – Louisiana State University, New Orleans
LTV - Ling-Tempo-Vought 
MAW – Military Airlift Wing, Andrews AFB 
MI5 – British Counter-Intelligence Service
MI6 – British Foreign Intelligence Service
MI8 – British Cryptography
MFF – Mary Farrell Foundation/Files – 
MOSSAD – Mossad Le Aliya Beth – Israel’s Intelligence and Security Service.
MRBM – Medium Range Ballistic Missile
MSCMS – Mystic Star Communications Systems 
MVD – Soviet Russian era ministry of Internal Affairs.
NAA - National Aeronautic Association 
NAACP – National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
NARA – National Archives and Records Administration
NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NBC – National Broadcasting Company
NBR – Not Believed Relevant – Excuse not to release FOIA or JFK Act records
NCA – National Command Authority
the nuclear “release authority,” as it is called, does not follow the Constitution’s line of succession. The release authority passes from a disabled or missing President to the Secretary of Defense, and then, if necessary, to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
NCS – Net Control Station Andrews 
NEACAP – National Emergency Airborne Command Post 
NFIP – National Foreign Intelligence Program
NIH – National Institute of Health (Bethesda, Md.)
NINDB – National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness.
NKVD – Predecessor of the KGB in Soviet Russia.
NORORN – No Foreign Dissemination
NPIC – National Photo Interpretation Center (CIA) Established in 1961to analyze photography derived from overhead reconnaissance.
NPR – National Public Radio
NRO – National Reconnaissance Office
NSA – US National Security Agency
NSAM – National Security Action Memorandum – issued by the President
NSC – National Security Council
NSC – US National Security Council, the senior decision making body of the Executive Branch, established in 1947.
NSIA - National Security Industrial Association
OAS - Organization of American States
OCSA - Office of Censorship and Special Analysis
OEP - Office of Emergency Planning
OGIS - Officeof Government Information Services
OIP - Office of Information (DOJ)
OJCS – Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
OMB – Office of Management and Budget
ONI – US Office of Naval Intelligence
OO – Office of Operations, DDI, collected overt intelligence until 1965.
OPC – Office of Policy Coordination, a component of CIA established in 1948 with responsibility of conducting covert operations. Merged with OSO in 1952 to form DDP.
OPEC – Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
OSD – Office of the Secretary of Defense
OSI – Office of Scientific Intelligence, created in 1949, became component of DDI in 1952, transferred to DDS&T in 1963.
OSO – Office of Special Operations, DOD.
OSS – Office of Strategic Services – US Army Intelligence Agency 1942-45. 
PBCFIA – President Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities, created in 1956, renamed PFIAB in 1961.
PCG – Planning and Coordinating Group of NSC.
PFIA – President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board.
PIDB - Public Interest Declassification Board 
PLO – Palestine Liberation Organization
POGP - Project On Government Oversight 
POW – Prisoner of War.
PSB – Psychological Strategy Board, established in 1951 under NSC, charged with directing psychological warfare programs, replaced by OCB in 1953. 
PZPR – Cold War era Polish Secret Police and Intelligence Agency
RCMP – Royal Canadian Mounted Police
R&D – Research and Development
RDT&E – Research, Development, Test and Evaluation
ROCKCOM – Rockefeller Commission – President’s Commission on Central Intelligence Agency activities within the USA.
RYBAT – CIA crypt for “secret”
SACSA - Office of the Special Assistant Counter-Insurgency and Special Affairs of the Joint Chiefs Staff
SALT – Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SAM – Surface to Air Missile
SAM – Special Air Mission
SAMOS – Satellite and Mission Observation System – First US recon satellite, 1961
SDECE – French Intelligence Agency
SEC – Securities and Exchange Commission
SHNS – Scripps-Howard News Service
SIC – Senate Intelligence Committee
SIGNIT – Signals Intelligence – Interception, processing, analysis and dissemination of information derived from foreign electrical communications. It is composed of three elements – COMIT, ELINT and TELINT.
SMERSH – Smyert Shpionam “Death to Spies” – Stalinist military counter-intelligence unit made famous by Ian Fleming.
SOD – Special Operations Division, Fort Detrick, Maryland
SOE – Special Operations Executive – British WWII program to develop covert operations against Nazi Germany and occupied Europe.
Special Group (Augumented) a US National Security Council subcommittee established in 1962 to oversee Operation MONGOOSE, a major CIA covert action program designed to overthrow Cuban premier Fidel Castro.
SPG – Special Procedures Group – est. 1947 to conduct covert psychological operations
SS – Secret Service
SSA – Social Security Administration
SSB – Single-Side-Band radio 
SSCI – Senate Select Committee on Intelligence
STB – Czech Intelligence Service
SUCCESS – Operation Success – Guatemala Coup, 1954
TELINT – Telemetry Intelligence
TOA – Technical Services Division, CIA
TRAX – Camp Trax – Cuban training base in Guatemala, 1960-1961
TWA – Trans World Airlines
U2 – US high altitude photo recon plane
UFC – United Fruit Company
UHF – Ultra High Frequency 
UM – University of Miami, home of JMWAVE.
UN – United Nations
UNSUB – Unknown Subject
UPI – United Press International news wire service
USIA – United States Information Agency
USIB – United States Intelligence Board, established 1958
USMC – United States Marine Corps
USPS – United States Postal Service
USSRUnion of Soviet Socialists Republics
VENONA – Coded Soviet Russian Communications Intercept.
WC – Warren Commission
WHCA – White House Communications Agency
WACL – World Anti-Communism League
XX Committee – The British Double-Cross Committee set up during World War II to control and exploit double and turned Nazi agents in Britain.


Agent Orange – Chemical operation in Vietnam
Ajax – Iranian Coup 1958
ALES – Alger Hiss
Alpha 66 – anti-Castro Cuban group
AM – CIA crypt concerning Cuba
AMBIDDY 1 - Manual Artime
AMBUD – Cordona
AMDENIM 1 – Fernandez
AMDENIM  14 – Cuesta
AMHAWK – Tony Varona
AMJAVEA 4 – Raphael “Chi Chi” Quintero
AMLASH – Rolando Cubela
AMLILAC – infiltrations operations
AMPATRIN – Michael “Jack” Malone
AMSHALE – Antonio Veciana
AMSERF – Bartes
AMSTRUT – on island (Cuban) asset
AM/THUG – Fidel Castro
AMTIKI – CRC accountant/payroll
AMWHIP 1 – Tepedino
Bishop, Colonel – John Thomas O’Hare
BOB – Berlin Operating Base
BLUEBELL  – CIA Korean war intelligence operation in China
BLUEBOOK – USAF UFO study out of Wright Pat AFB, Dayton
Carlos – Ruben Perez
CHAOS – Covert intelligence operation directed at US citizens and domestic activities
Chester Dainold – Desmond Fitzgerald
Choaden – David A. Phillips
COINTELPRO – FBI counterintelligence program directed at domestic US activities.
COMPADRE – CIA psychological operation in Philippines
CONDOR – A CIA operation to replace the government in Chile
DISCOVERER – First recon satellite, launched by Lockheed in Calf. In Aug. 1960.
Fish, Joe – Joe Fischetti
Galbond – J.C. King
GEMSTONE – project, G. Gordon Liddy’s covert operational plans for 1972 election; included
GFGESTETNER  at The Mexico City CIA station
GOLDCIA Berlin Tunnel operation to tap East German phone lines.
GPFLOOR – CIA slugline given to Lee Harvey Oswald during post assassination investigation.
HTLINGUAL – Crypt for CIA’s mail opening and mail cover campaign which ran from 1953-1973, which led to resignation of James J. Angleton, CIA head of CIA.
HTLINGUAL records said to be destroyed in 1990.
JEDBURGH – Scotland, OSS-OSO training base during WWII and name given to commando teams parachuted into Nazi occupied Europe before D-Day.
JMWAVE – CIA Cuban Operations base at University of Miami, Florida

LADILLINGER a phone tap on the Soviet embassy in Mexico City
LCIMPROVE is defined in two separate CIA documents as "Counter-espionage involving Soviet intelligence services worldwide".
LUCKY – Operation Lucky, WWII invasion of Sicily, ostensibly named after Lucky Luciano.
MAGIC – U.S. Army Signal Corps operation that broke Japanese codes during WWII.
MHCHAOS – Domestic CIA operation.
MONGOOSE – A 1962 CIA covert operation designed to overthrow Cuban premier Fidel Castro.
ODYOKE – US Government

OXCART  - CIA-Lockhed project to develop A 12 successor to the U2. 

PAWNEE/3 and PAWNEE/5. The Helsinki CIA station attracted to two female students taking notes for the CIA in a "legal travelers" program known as REDSKIN.
PB/PRIME – United States
PB/SUCCESS – Guatemala Project 1954 Coup
PLUTO – Eisenhower administration CIA plan to remove Castro from power headed by Jacob Esterline.
RANCH HAND – Agent Orange delivery operations in SE Asia.
REDCAP program to induce Soviets and Eastern Europeans to defect to the West.

RYBAT – CIA crypt for “secret”
SLOMAN – Tony Sforza
SUCCESS – Operation Success – Guatemala Coup, 1954
TEAPOT DOME – US Navy oil reserve scandal of Harding administration
TICK TALKS – Miami PD undercover Cuban narcotics investigation
TRAX – CIA Cuban training base in Guatemala
TOP HAT – CIA LSD program
TOP HOODLUM – FBI post-Appalachin anti-mob program
TRADEWINDS – 12 year IRS investigation of Bahamian off-shore investors
TUBE ALLOYS – British code for nuclear bomb development
VENONA – Coded Soviet Russian Communications Intercept.
ZAPATA – CIA Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
Zamka – David Morales
ZR/RIFLE – Executive Action Project / William Harvey

(Thanks to Larry Hancock – (“Someone Would Have Talked”) for some of these)

For More, Go to Mary Ferrell:

For information on a given crypt, just type it into the MFF's search engine. Note that these crypts appear with variations - the dash before a number is sometimes a slash (AMBIDDY-1 = AMBIDDY/1), and also a slash sometimes after the first two letters (AMLASH = AM/LASH). Also, sometimes a crypt may appear with or without a following -1 (AMQUACK = AMQUACK-1) - though be careful, sometimes there is an overall project name, with individual agents assigned the project name plus -1, -2, etc.

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